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Convergence of knowledge and technology for the benefit of society (CKTS) is the core opportunity for progress in the twenty-first century. CKTS is defined as the escalating and transformative interactions among seemingly different disciplines, technologies, communities, and domains of human activity to achieve mutual compatibility, synergism, and(More)
Sociologists have begun to explore the gains for theory and research that might be achieved by artificial intelligence technology: symbolic processors, expert systems, neural networks, genetic algorithms and classifier systems. The first major accomplishments of artificial social intelligence (ASI) have been in the realm of theory, where these techniques(More)
(1) Revisions of the core program descriptions; in particular the name of the Human-Centered Computing program is changed to Cyber-Human Systems and the description of the cluster is revised; (2) A new Additional Solicitation Specific Review Criterion for Breakthrough Proposals, as well as a revised description of Breakthrough Proposals; (3) A section on(More)
There are two models of the future of spaceflight, and there are two theories of how that future might be achieved. The first model of spaceflight assumes that we have already achieved most of what is worth achieving in space, whereas the second imagines it will be possible to build a truly interplanetary civilization in which most human beings live(More)