William Scott

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The c-myb proto-oncogene encodes a sequence-specific DNA-binding protein. To better understand its normal biological function, we have altered the c-myb gene by homologous recombination in mouse embryonic stem cells. Resulting homozygous c-myb mutant mice displayed an interesting phenotype. At day 13 of gestation these mice appeared normal, suggesting that(More)
The secreted protein Sonic hedgehog (Shh) exerts many of its patterning effects through a combination of short- and long-range signalling. Three distinct mechanisms, which are not necessarily mutually exclusive, have been proposed to account for the long-range effects of Shh: simple diffusion of Shh, a relay mechanism in which Shh activates secondary(More)
In this report we describe the developmental expression and function of Sp8, a member of the Sp family of zinc finger transcription factors, and provide evidence that the legless transgene insertional mutant is a hypomorphic allele of the Sp8 gene. Sp8 is expressed during embryogenesis in the forming apical ectodermal ridge (AER), restricted regions of the(More)
Herein, we demonstrate that Lrp6-mediated R-spondin 2 signaling through the canonical Wnt pathway is required for normal morphogenesis of the respiratory tract and limbs. We show that the footless insertional mutation creates a severe hypomorphic R-spondin 2 allele (Rspo2(Tg)). The predicted protein encoded by Rspo2(Tg) neither bound the cell surface nor(More)
We have characterized the early stages of murine hindlimb morphogenesis in the legless (lgl)mutant and non-mutant littermates. Initially the entire ventral ectoderm expresses many genetic markers characteristic of the AER (en-1, fgf-8, msx-2, dlx-2, cd44, and cx-43). Subsequently, the expression domain of most of these genes is restricted to the thickened(More)
A physiologically based toxicokinetic model of gestation in the rat and mouse has been developed. The model is superimposed on the normal growth curve for nonpregnant females. It describes the entire gestation period including the period of organogenesis. The model consists of uterus, mammary tissue, maternal fat, kidney, liver, other well-perfused maternal(More)
The morphogenetic role of all-trans-retinoic acid (RA) during limb development, especially its activity in directing anterior/posterior pattern formation remains controversial. We have measured retinoids and cytosolic binding proteins in anterior and posterior pieces of limb buds from comparably aged chick and mouse embryos expecting that localization(More)
The Gja1 gene encoding the gap junction connexin 43 (Cx43) is dynamically regulated during limb morphogenesis. Transcript expression is found in many regions of the limb bud known to be important in regulating limb growth and patterning. In the newly emerged limb bud, Gja1 transcripts are first expressed in the ventrodistal margin of the ectoderm, and later(More)
Six to eight copies of a transgene integrated into mouse chromosome 15 resulting in a new transgene insertional mutant, Footless, presenting with malformations of the limbs, kidney, and soft palate. Homozygotes possess a unique asymmetric pattern of limb truncations. Posterior structures from the autopod and zeugopod of the hindlimbs are missing with left(More)