William Schreier

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Although clinical experience suggests that brain injury in the aged is associated with a poor prognosis, little research has examined this phenomenon at a cellular or molecular level. Unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine lesions of the nigrostriatal system were produced in 6-, 15- or 24-month-old rats. In the deafferented neostriatum, the time-dependent induction(More)
A consistent rat model for the study of the consequences of congophilic and fibrillar A beta-amyloid in brain has been developed. One hundred percent of animals receiving infusions of synthetic beta-amyloid protein (A beta 1-40) plus a specific heparan sulfate proteoglycan (HSPG) for 1 week or 7 weeks (following 2 week infusions) demonstrated Congo red and(More)
The signals which regulate the proliferation of astrocytes have relevance to both normal developmental processes and abnormal states of gliosis or glial tumor formation. We have extended studies of astrocyte proliferation and related responses in primary cultures of rat telencephalic cortical astrocytes as a result of treatment with epidermal growth factor.(More)
Health care-acquired infections are a major contributor of mortality; therefore, prevention of these infections is a priority. Hand hygiene compliance among health care workers is low. We report the process at our institution to increase the hand hygiene compliance rate (HHCR).We implemented interventions over 6 months. The periods were divided into(More)
We have investigated the effects of cell passaging and time in culture on astrocyte morphology, transferrin expression and the expression of two main astrocyte markers, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and glutamine synthetase (GS: EC 6.3.1.2). When primary astrocytes were subcultured, giving rise to secondary and tertiary cultures, their morphology(More)
We investigated the effect of rat interferon-α/β (IFN) on the expression of glycerol phosphate dehydrogenase (E.C.1.1.1.8; GPDH), in both C6 cells and pure cultures of oligodendrocytes. IFNs are naturally produced inhibitors of cell growth that can also affect differentiated cell functions. GPDH is a biochemical marker for oligodendrocytes and is known to(More)
Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF) is mitogenic for purified rat astrocytes in primary tissue culture. A combined concomitant treatment by EGF and Fibroblast Growth Factor (FGF) does not reduce the proliferation effect of EGF, however when the astrocytes are pretreated with FGF, their response to an EGF stimulation is reduced by 70%. This inhibition of EGF(More)
The signals which regulate the proliferation of astrocytes have relevance to normal developmental processes, transformational loss of growth control, and reactive gliosis present in many brain disease states. We have studied, in primary cultures of rat astrocytes, a sequential interaction of two growth factors, epidermal growth factor (EGF) and fibroblast(More)
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