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OBJECTIVE To compare outcome parameters for good-risk patients with classic signs, symptoms, and laboratory and abdominal imaging features of cholecystolithiasis and choledocholithiasis randomized to either laparoscopic cholecystectomy plus laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LC+LCBDE) or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography sphincterotomy(More)
We investigated decisions to withhold or withdraw life support from patients in the medical-surgical intensive care units at the Moffitt-Long Hospital of the University of California and San Francisco General Hospital, from July 1987 through June 1988. Among 1719 patients admitted to the two intensive care units, life support was withheld from 22 (1(More)
We reviewed our experience with tracheal and bronchial trauma from 1977 to 1988. There were 22 patients with tracheobronchial injuries treated in this period. Seventeen (77%) of the injuries were due to penetrating trauma and five (23%) were due to blunt trauma. Thirteen patients had major associated injuries, including six esophageal injuries. The most(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the lateral transabdominal and posterior retroperitoneal laparoscopic methods for performing adrenalectomy. DESIGN Nonrandomized. SETTING Hospitals affiliated with the University of California, San Francisco. PATIENTS Thirty-six patients (15 men and 21 women), aged 5 to 78 years (mean age, 49 years), were treated for the following(More)
We reviewed 144 consecutive patients with flail chest and/or pulmonary contusion between 1979 and 1984. The purpose was to analyze the factors adversely affecting morbidity and mortality. There were 97 males and 47 females, with an average age of 40 years +/- 18 S.D. (range, 2-83). Seventy-five per cent of the injuries were caused by motor vehicle(More)
We undertook an observational study of 1307 consecutive surgical procedures at San Francisco General Hospital to record descriptions of intraoperative exposures to blood and other body fluids, determine the factors predictive of these exposures, and identify interventions that might reduce their frequency. During a two-month period, circulating nurses took(More)
HYPOTHESIS Surgical trainees in the United States have a growing interest in both clinical experiences and structured training opportunities in global health. Global health training and exposure can be integrated into a surgical residency program. DESIGN The global health activities of surgical residents and faculty in 1 department were evaluated from(More)