William S. Miles

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BACKGROUND Optimizing intracranial pressure (ICP) and cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) is important in the management of severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). In trauma patients with TBI and respiratory dysfunction, positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) is often required to support oxygenation. Increases in PEEP may lead to reduced CPP. We hypothesized(More)
BACKGROUND The open abdomen has become a common procedure in the management of complex abdominal problems and has improved patient survival. The method of temporary abdominal closure (TAC) may play a role in patient outcome. METHODS A prospective, observational, open-label study was performed to evaluate two TAC techniques in surgical and trauma patients(More)
Duplex ultrasonography was used prospectively in the initial evaluation of 198 patients with 319 potential vascular injuries of the neck and extremities. Patients who were unstable or who had obvious arterial trauma were excluded. Injury was caused by gunshot in 104 (53%), blunt trauma in 42 (21%), stab wound in 34 (17%), and shotgun in 18 (9%). Duplex(More)
The use of inferior vena cava filters (IVCFs) is increasing in patients at high risk for venous thromboembolism; however, there is considerable controversy related to their cost. We inserted eight percutaneous IVCFs at the bedside. The hospital charges for bedside IVCF insertion were substantially lower compared with those for IVCF insertion performed in(More)
Trauma patients presenting with a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score of 14-15 are considered to have mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) with overall good neurologic outcomes. Current practice consists of initial stabilization, followed by a head CT, and neurosurgical consultation. Aside from serial neurologic examinations, patients with a GCS of 15 rarely(More)
Few, if any, complications have been reported with the nonoperative management of selected hepatic injuries diagnosed by computed tomographic (CT) scan in hemodynamically stable patients. This retrospective study was designed to evaluate complications associated with this form of management. Twenty-six patients (21%) of 128 patients with blunt hepatic(More)
BACKGROUND Thoracostomy tube (TT) placement constitutes primary treatment for traumatic hemopneumothorax. Practice patterns vary widely, and criteria for management and removal remain poorly defined. In this cohort study, we examined the impact of implementation of a practice guideline (PG) on improving management efficiency of thoracostomy tube. METHODS(More)
Since the institution of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education resident work restrictions, much discussion has arisen regarding the potential effect on surgical resident training. We undertook this study to examine the effects on resident operative experience. We retrospectively analyzed chief residents' Accreditation Council for Graduate(More)
BACKGROUND Recent data suggest that sex hormones may play a role in regulating posttraumatic immunosuppression, leading to gender-based differences in outcome after injuries. This study examined gender-related outcomes in trauma patients. METHODS We conducted a retrospective review of trauma registry data from our Level I trauma center over a 4-year(More)
BACKGROUND Interview assessments of surgical residency candidates may be biased by prior knowledge of objective data. METHODS Each candidate (site 1: n = 88; site 2: n = 44) underwent two interviews, one by faculty members informed only of a candidate's medical school, the second with prior knowledge of the complete application. Interviewers (site 1: n =(More)