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PURPOSE To determine if a gadolinium-based contrast agent provides additional information for characterization of human plaque tissues, particularly neovasculature. Although high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been used to identify plaque constituents in advanced atherosclerosis, some constituents, such as neovascularized tissue, defy(More)
BACKGROUND Neovasculature within atherosclerotic plaques is believed to be associated with infiltration of inflammatory cells and plaque destabilization. The aim of the present investigation was to determine whether the amount of neovasculature present in advanced carotid plaques can be noninvasively measured by dynamic, contrast-enhanced MRI. METHODS AND(More)
OBJECTIVES The Computer-Aided System for CArdiovascular Disease Evaluation (CASCADE) has been developed for streamlined, automated analysis of carotid artery magnetic resonance imaging to measure atherosclerotic plaque burden and composition in vivo. The purpose of this investigation was to assess the performance of CASCADE compared with manual outlining.(More)
PURPOSE To prospectively evaluate if there is an association between plaque enhancement at magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and proinflammatory cardiovascular risk factors and plaque content. MATERIALS AND METHODS This study was performed with informed consent, HIPAA compliance, and institutional review board approval. Contrast agent dynamics within(More)
Vasa vasorum in the adventitia of atherosclerotic arteries may play a role in plaque progression. In this investigation, a method for characterizing vasa vasorum in the carotid artery is proposed, in which the perfusion properties of the adventitia are probed via dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI. A parametric "vasa vasorum image" is automatically(More)
PURPOSE To provide sample size calculation for the quantitative assessment of carotid atherosclerotic plaque using non-invasive magnetic resonance imaging in multi-center clinical trials. METHODS. As part of a broader double-blind randomized trial of an experimental pharmaceutical agent, 20 asymptomatic placebo-control subjects were recruited from 5(More)
Understanding of right ventricular (RV) remodeling is needed to elucidate the mechanism of RV dysfunction in the overloaded right ventricle, but is hampered by the chamber's complex shape. We imaged 15 patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) and 8 normal subjects by magnetic resonance imaging in long- and short-axis views. We reconstructed the(More)
BACKGROUND High-resolution MRI has been shown to be capable of identifying plaque constituents, such as the necrotic core and intraplaque hemorrhage, in human carotid atherosclerosis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate differential contrast-weighted images, specifically a multispectral MR technique, to improve the accuracy of identifying the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE High-resolution, multicontrast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has developed into an effective tool for the identification of carotid atherosclerotic plaque components, such as necrotic core, fibrous matrix, and hemorrhage/thrombus. Factors that may lead to plaque instability are lipid content, thin fibrous cap, and intraplaque(More)