William S. Kerwin

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PURPOSE To provide sample size calculation for the quantitative assessment of carotid atherosclerotic plaque using non-invasive magnetic resonance imaging in multi-center clinical trials. METHODS. As part of a broader double-blind randomized trial of an experimental pharmaceutical agent, 20 asymptomatic placebo-control subjects were recruited from 5(More)
Tagged magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has shown great promise in non-invasive analysis of heart motion. To replace implanted markers as a gold standard, however, tagged MRI must be able to track a sparse set of material points, so-called material markers, with high accuracy. This paper presents a new method for generating accurate motion estimates over a(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE High-resolution, multicontrast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has developed into an effective tool for the identification of carotid atherosclerotic plaque components, such as necrotic core, fibrous matrix, and hemorrhage/thrombus. Factors that may lead to plaque instability are lipid content, thin fibrous cap, and intraplaque(More)
MRI is a promising noninvasive technique for characterizing atherosclerotic plaque composition in vivo, with an end-goal of assessing plaque vulnerability. Because of limitations arising from acquisition time, achievable resolution, contrast-to-noise ratio, patient motion, and the effects of blood flow, automatically identifying plaque composition remains a(More)
Vasa vasorum in the adventitia of atherosclerotic arteries may play a role in plaque progression. In this investigation, a method for characterizing vasa vasorum in the carotid artery is proposed, in which the perfusion properties of the adventitia are probed via dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI. A parametric "vasa vasorum image" is automatically(More)
Pharmacokinetic modeling of dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is used to noninvasively characterize neovasculature and inflammation in atherosclerotic vessels by estimating perfusion characteristics, such as fractional plasma volume vp and transfer constant Ktrans. DCE-MRI has potential to study the evolution of nascent(More)