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This article introduces a new image processing technique for rapid analysis of tagged cardiac magnetic resonance image sequences. The method uses isolated spectral peaks in SPAMM-tagged magnetic resonance images, which contain information about cardiac motion. The inverse Fourier transform of a spectral peak is a complex image whose calculated angle is(More)
MRI is a promising noninvasive technique for characterizing atherosclerotic plaque composition in vivo, with an end-goal of assessing plaque vulnerability. Because of limitations arising from acquisition time, achievable resolution, contrast-to-noise ratio, patient motion, and the effects of blood flow, automatically identifying plaque composition remains a(More)
PURPOSE To provide sample size calculation for the quantitative assessment of carotid atherosclerotic plaque using non-invasive magnetic resonance imaging in multi-center clinical trials. METHODS. As part of a broader double-blind randomized trial of an experimental pharmaceutical agent, 20 asymptomatic placebo-control subjects were recruited from 5(More)
A simultaneous noncontrast angiography and intraplaque hemorrhage (SNAP) MR imaging technique is proposed to detect both luminal stenosis and hemorrhage in atherosclerosis patients in a single scan. Thirteen patients with diagnosed carotid atherosclerotic plaque were admitted after informed consent. All scans were performed on a 3T MR imaging system with(More)
Tagged magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has shown great promise in non-invasive analysis of heart motion. To replace implanted markers as a gold standard, however, tagged MRI must be able to track a sparse set of material points, so-called material markers, with high accuracy. This paper presents a new method for generating accurate motion estimates over a(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE High-resolution, multicontrast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has developed into an effective tool for the identification of carotid atherosclerotic plaque components, such as necrotic core, fibrous matrix, and hemorrhage/thrombus. Factors that may lead to plaque instability are lipid content, thin fibrous cap, and intraplaque(More)
Vasa vasorum in the adventitia of atherosclerotic arteries may play a role in plaque progression. In this investigation, a method for characterizing vasa vasorum in the carotid artery is proposed, in which the perfusion properties of the adventitia are probed via dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI. A parametric "vasa vasorum image" is automatically(More)