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BACKGROUND High-resolution MRI has been shown to be capable of identifying plaque constituents, such as the necrotic core and intraplaque hemorrhage, in human carotid atherosclerosis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate differential contrast-weighted images, specifically a multispectral MR technique, to improve the accuracy of identifying the(More)
PURPOSE To prospectively evaluate if there is an association between plaque enhancement at magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and proinflammatory cardiovascular risk factors and plaque content. MATERIALS AND METHODS This study was performed with informed consent, HIPAA compliance, and institutional review board approval. Contrast agent dynamics within(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE High-resolution, multicontrast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has developed into an effective tool for the identification of carotid atherosclerotic plaque components, such as necrotic core, fibrous matrix, and hemorrhage/thrombus. Factors that may lead to plaque instability are lipid content, thin fibrous cap, and intraplaque(More)
PURPOSE To determine if a gadolinium-based contrast agent provides additional information for characterization of human plaque tissues, particularly neovasculature. Although high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been used to identify plaque constituents in advanced atherosclerosis, some constituents, such as neovascularized tissue, defy(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies with contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (CEMRI) have shown that the fibrous cap (FC) in atherosclerotic carotid plaques enhances with gadolinium-based contrast agents. Conversely, the lipid-rich necrotic core (LR-NC), lacking both vasculature and matrix, shows no or only slight enhancement. The goal of this study was to(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the in vivo accuracy of a multisequence MRI technique for prospectively identifying one feature of the vulnerable plaque-an unstable fibrous cap-in human carotid atherosclerosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS The carotid arteries of 18 endarterectomy patients were preoperatively imaged in a 1.5 T scanner using a multisequence protocol that(More)
PURPOSE To provide sample size calculation for the quantitative assessment of carotid atherosclerotic plaque using non-invasive magnetic resonance imaging in multi-center clinical trials. METHODS. As part of a broader double-blind randomized trial of an experimental pharmaceutical agent, 20 asymptomatic placebo-control subjects were recruited from 5(More)
The emergence of high-resolution, rapid imaging methods has enabled MRI to noninvasively image the fine internal structure of atherosclerotic artery walls. This capability has, in turn, captured the interest of clinicians, who see it as an opportunity to assess disease severity based on the characteristics of atherosclerotic lesions themselves, rather than(More)
BACKGROUND Neovasculature within atherosclerotic plaques is believed to be associated with infiltration of inflammatory cells and plaque destabilization. The aim of the present investigation was to determine whether the amount of neovasculature present in advanced carotid plaques can be noninvasively measured by dynamic, contrast-enhanced MRI. METHODS AND(More)