William S Irby

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The host-feeding patterns of mosquitoes (n = 247) collected in the Borough of Queens in New York City in July and August 2000 were investigated using an indirect ELISA and a polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-heteroduplex assay. Culex pipiens L. and Cx. restuans Theobald fed primarily on birds, and their feeding habits support their implication as enzootic(More)
Reciprocal crosses between Ixodes dammini Spielman, Clifford, Piesman & Corwin from Massachusetts and Ixodes scapularis Say from Georgia produced offspring through the F3 generation when the experiment was discontinued. Reciprocal I. dammini x Ixodes pacificus Cooley & Kohls (California) and I. scapularis x I. pacificus crosses produced F1 progeny; however,(More)
Larval and adult Anopheles quadrimaculatus Say (sensu lato) and Culex erraticus (Dyar & Knab) were collected at Falls of the Neuse Lake (Falls Lake) in North Carolina from May 1985 to December 1986. Adult mosquitoes were aspirated weekly from shelters in woodlands adjacent to larval sampling sites. An. quadrimaculatus and Cx. erraticus comprised > 95% of(More)
Hosts of Lutzomyia shannoni Dyar, a suspected biological vector of the New Jersey serotype of vesicular stomatitis (VSNJ) virus, were determined using an indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) of 333 blood-fed female sandflies collected from their diurnal resting shelters on Ossabaw Island, Georgia, U.S.A. Sandflies had fed primarily on(More)
The spatial and temporal distribution of 28 species of female mosquitoes resting in natural (swamp, woods, and swamp-woods ecotone) and human-made (beneath bridges) habitats in blackwater stream-associated ecosystems in Duplin County, N.C., was determined by sampling with a D-Vac vacuum aspirator during 1984 and 1985. Two types of resting distributions were(More)
The ability of tabanid mouthparts to retain and to transfer mechanically Ehrlichia risticii Holland, Weiss, Burgdorfer, Cole & Kakoma was evaluated by feeding flies on infected and noninfected mice and on capillary tubes containing infected cells and cell-free medium. Flies representing two genera and 29 species were collected at equine boarding stables,(More)
The digestion of human and rodent blood by Aedes aegypti (L.) was investigated by immunoblot analysis, using polyclonal antisera produced against serum proteins. Rates and patterns of digestion of the principal proteins in serum (albumin and immunoglobulin G) appeared to differ depending on the source of blood. Overall, most intact proteins disappeared(More)
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