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Blood function defines bleeding and clotting risks and dictates approaches for clinical intervention. Independent of adding exogenous tissue factor (TF), human blood treated in vitro with corn trypsin inhibitor (CTI, to block Factor XIIa) will generate thrombin after an initiation time (T(i)) of 1 to 2 hours (depending on donor), while activation of(More)
1. Ten compounds from the Merck Research Laboratories pipeline were selected to evaluate the utility of using intrinsic clearance derived from recombinantly expressed cytochromes P450 (CYP) and physiologically based pharmacokinetic modelling to predict Phase I pharmacokinetics using simCYP. The compounds selected were anticipated to be eliminated(More)
A kinetic Monte Carlo simulation was developed using the deterministic reaction network developed by the Mann laboratory for tissue-factor (TF)-initiated blood coagulation. The model predicted thrombin dynamics in recalcified whole blood (3-fold diluted) pretreated with convulxin (platelet GPVI activator) and picomolar levels of TF (0-14 pM). The model did(More)
Protein microarrays presenting spots of collagen and lipidated tissue factor (TF) allowed a determination of the critical surface concentration of TF required to trigger coagulation under flow. Whole blood supplemented with corn trypsin inhibitor (to inhibit factor XIIa) was perfused over microarrays for 5 minutes. Immunofluorescence staining of platelet(More)
Visualization of flowing neutrophils colliding with adherent 1-mum-diameter beads presenting P-selectin allowed the simultaneous measurement of collision efficiency (epsilon), membrane tethering fraction (f), membrane tether growth dynamics, and PSGL-1/P-selectin binding lifetime. For 1391 collisions analyzed over venous wall shear rates from 25 to 200(More)
WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN ABOUT THIS SUBJECT * Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) was first described as a potent vasodilator. * CGRP is also increasingly recognized as a key player in the pathophysiology of migraine, and CGRP receptor antagonists potentially offer a new approach for treating migraine. * A novel pharmacodynamic assay to measure CGRP(More)
MK-5046 is an orally active, potent, selective agonist of the orphan G protein-coupled receptor bombesin receptor subtype-3 (BRS-3) that is under evaluation for treatment of obesity. We report the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of oral doses of MK-5046 (10-160 mg) in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study in(More)
Our objective was to expand our understanding of the predictors of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) progression to help design a clinical trial on a novel AD medication. We utilized the Coalition Against Major Diseases AD dataset consisting of control-arm data (both placebo and stable background AD medication) from 15 randomized double-blind clinical trials in(More)
A microarray presenting glycerol nanodroplets of fluorogenic peptide substrates was used as a biosensor for the detection of multiple enzyme activities within human plasma. Using 10 different plasma proteases (kallikrein, factor XIIa, factor XIa, factor IXa, factor VIIa, factor Xa, thrombin, activated protein C, uPA and plasmin) and a 361-compound(More)
AIMS Calcitonin gene related peptide (CGRP) receptor antagonists are effective acute migraine treatments. A capsaicin-induced dermal vasodilatation (CIDV) model has been developed to provide target-engagement information in healthy volunteers. In the model, CGRP release is provoked after dermal capsaicin application, by activating transient receptor(More)