William S. Brocklesby

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We describe what is to our knowledge the first nondestructive measurement of the evolution of an optical continuum as a function of distance along a nonlinear waveguide. Spectral mapping is achieved on a subwavelength scale by utilizing near-field microscopy to probe the waveguide's evanescent field. The measured continuum broadening along the waveguide(More)
We report cross-section measurement and propagation measurement of modes of large mode area holey fibers using near-field scanning optical microscopy (NSOM). Mode profiles are measured at the fiber end face using a scanning optical fiber tip held 10 nm from the surface, and compared to theoretical models. Both amplitude and phase of the electric field of(More)
Scanning confocal Raman spectroscopy was used to study the distribution of reactive sites within a resin bead used for solid-phase synthesis. The distribution of NH2 groups in aminomethylated polystyrene resin (APS) was determined by doping with varying amounts of 4-cyanobenzoic acid. The extent of loading was determined by both elemental analysis and(More)
Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) microscopy is applied for the first time for the evaluation of the protein secondary structure of polyglutamine (polyQ) aggregates in vivo. Our approach demonstrates the potential for translating information about protein structure that has been obtained in vitro by X-ray diffraction into a microscopy technique(More)
The construction and design of a microscope coupled with a miniature UV-vis spectrometer is described. This was applied to the study of dyes linked to solid supports and displayed good correlation in spectral shape and lambda(max) values when compared to the dyes in solution, as well as showing a linear relationship between dye loading and UV-vis(More)
Coherent soft x rays are produced by high-harmonic generation in a capillary filled with Ar gas. We demonstrate that the tuning of the harmonic wavelengths with intensity and chirp arises from changes in the Ar ionization level. Control over the tuning can be achieved either by changing the average intensity of the laser pulse or by varying the quadratic(More)
A technologically important use of the free-space interference patterns formed by phase gratings is in the creation of the refractive-index variation along optical fiber Bragg gratings. The patterns can be imaged directly by use of a tapered optical fiber tip, which acts as a local probe of the optical field. We present measurements of these patterns under(More)
Defects in undoped germanosilicate fibers have a profound effect on optical properties in the visible region of the spectrum. Photoexcitation of these defects can produce a refractive-index change, which in turn can be used for many useful purposes, including the formation of gratings and second-harmonic generation in fibers. The defects responsible for(More)
Multimode nonlinear pulse propagation within a Ta(2)O(5) rectangular rib waveguide has been numerically simulated. The study provides information relating to both the localized spectral evolution along the waveguide and the transverse spectral variation across the guide. The results explain measurements from our previous near-field scanning microscopy(More)
A stable and self-starting femtosecond breathing-pulse Yb-fiber oscillator is reported, modelocked using the nonlinear polarisation evolution mechanism. A bifurcation between two distinct modes of operation is demonstrated experimentally, producing pulses with a single central wavelength in one state, or following adjustment of the intra-cavity waveplates,(More)