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Mast cells are involved in atopic disorders, often exacerbated by stress, and are located perivascularly close to sympathetic and sensory nerve endings. Mast cells are activated by electrical nerve stimulation and millimolar concentrations of neuropeptides, such as substance P (SP). Moreover, acute psychological stress induces CRH-dependent mast cell(More)
IL-10 has been previously called cytokine synthesis inhibiting factor, produced mostly by Th2 cells, macrophages and CD8+ cell clones. IL-10 is capable of inhibiting the synthesis of several cytokines from different cells, antigen or mitogen activated. IL-10 exerts its inhibition at the mRNA transcriptional and translational level. In addition, IL-10 is a(More)
Mast cells participate in allergies, and also in immunity and inflammation by secreting proinflammatory cytokines. Flavonoids are naturally occurring polyphenolic plant compounds, one group of which -- the flavonols, inhibits histamine and some cytokine release from rodent basophils and mast cells. However, the effect of flavonols on proinflammatory(More)
Mast cells are critical for allergic reactions, but also for innate or acquired immunity and inflammatory conditions that worsen by stress. Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH), which activates the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis under stress, also has proinflammatory peripheral effects possibly through mast cells. We investigated the expression of CRH(More)
Many skin disorders are associated with increased numbers of activated mast cells and are worsened by stress; however, the mechanism underlying these processes is not understood. Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) is secreted under stress from the hypothalamus, but also in the skin, where it induces mast cell activation and vascular permeability. We(More)
RANTES and related molecules, constitute the C-C class of chemokine supergene family and a group of cytokines produced by hematopoietic cells constitute the MCP-1 or C-X-C class. The roles of most of these chemokines are not well known, although members of the C-X-C family are inflammatory agents. Here, we report that intradermal injection of RANTES 10(More)
Stress induces CRH secretion that activates hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and is also abortogenic. In addition to hypothalamus, CRH and its analog urocortin (Ucn) are also secreted locally outside the brain where they activate mast cells leading to inflammation; however, the level of CRH and Ucn or mast cell mediators has not been examined in products(More)
PURPOSE Corticotropin-releasing hormone is typically released from the hypothalamus but it has proinflammatory effects outside of the brain, possibly through the activation of mast cells. These cells express corticotropin-releasing hormone receptors with selective secretion of vascular endothelial growth factor, which may be involved in the pathogenesis of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Allergic inflammation and autoimmune diseases, such as atopic dermatitis, psoriasis and multiple sclerosis (MS), involve both mast cell and T-cell activation. However, possible interactions between the two and the mechanism of such activations are largely unknown. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Human umbilical cord blood-derived cultured(More)
Fc epsilon RI cross-linkage in mast cells results in release of granule-associated mediators, such as histamine and proteases, as well as the production of numerous cytokines, including IL-6. Mast cells have been increasingly implicated in inflammatory processes where explosive degranulation is not commonly observed. Here, we show that IL-1 stimulates(More)