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In an effort to alter the levels of neurochemicals involved in excitotoxicity, we treated mice with methionine sulfoximine (MSO), an inhibitor of glutamine synthetase. Since glutamate toxicity has been proposed as a mechanism for the degeneration of motor neurons in a variety of neurodegenerative diseases, we tested the effects of MSO on the transgenic(More)
Type II hexokinase is overexpressed in most neoplastic cells, and it mainly localizes on the outer mitochondrial membrane. Hexokinase II dissociation from mitochondria triggers apoptosis. The prevailing model postulates that hexokinase II release from its mitochondrial interactor, the voltage-dependent anion channel, prompts outer mitochondrial membrane(More)
Expression of the genes for the membrane-bound F0 sector of the Escherichia coli F1F0 proton-translocating ATPase can respond to changes in metabolic conditions, and these changes are reflected in alterations in the subunit stoichiometry of the oligomeric F0 proton channel. Transcriptional and translational lacZ fusions to the promoter and to two F0 genes(More)
Apoptosis is an active form of cellular death, or suicide, which plays an important physiologic role during organ development and in cellular turnover in differentiated tissues. Apoptosis has also been demonstrated to occur in several organs in response to hypoxic/ischemic, oxidative, or drug-induced injury and is thus involved in disease pathogenesis.(More)
Huntington's disease is a neurological disorder caused by the expansion of a polyglutamine tract in the protein huntingtin. Several other neurological diseases also result from the expansion of polyglutamine regions in different proteins. Despite intense efforts, no definitive biochemical or physiological role for huntingtin has been described, nor has a(More)
In previous studies methionine sulfoximine (MSO) significantly extended the lifespan of the SOD1 G93A mouse model for ALS. Those studies used commercially available MSO, which is a racemic mixture of the LS and LR diastereomers, leaving unanswered the question of which isomer was responsible for the therapeutic effects. In this study we tested both purified(More)
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