William Rogers

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We explored the role of hypocretins in human narcolepsy through histopathology of six narcolepsy brains and mutation screening of Hcrt, Hcrtr1 and Hcrtr2 in 74 patients of various human leukocyte antigen and family history status. One Hcrt mutation, impairing peptide trafficking and processing, was found in a single case with early onset narcolepsy. In situ(More)
Narcolepsy is a disabling sleep disorder affecting humans and animals. It is characterized by daytime sleepiness, cataplexy, and striking transitions from wakefulness into rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. In this study, we used positional cloning to identify an autosomal recessive mutation responsible for this sleep disorder in a well-established canine(More)
The Midas cichlid (Cichlasoma citrinellum) is a large, aggressive monogamous fish from the Great Lakes of Nicaragua. It lives in an ecosystem where breeding sites are at a premium and where breeding success can be low. I tested the strength of the pair bond by manipulating the sex ratios in captive groups, using ratios of 1:1, 2:1, 4:1, 1:2 and 1:4 (♂♂:♀♀).(More)
Early pancreatic morphogenesis is characterized by the transformation of an uncommitted pool of pancreatic progenitor cells into a branched pancreatic epithelium that consists of 'tip' and 'trunk' domains. These domains have distinct molecular signatures and differentiate into distinct pancreatic cell lineages. Cells at the branched tips of the epithelium(More)
Sharing of analysis techniques and tools is among the main driving forces of modern neuroscience. We describe a library of tools developed to quantify global and regional differences in cortical anatomy in high resolution structural MR images. This library is distributed as a plug-in application for popular structural analysis software, BrainVisa (BV). It(More)
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) has shown promise as a treatment tool, with one FDA approved use. While TMS alone is able to up- (or down-) regulate a targeted neural system, we argue that TMS applied as an adjuvant is more effective for repetitive physical, behavioral and cognitive therapies, that is, therapies which are designed to alter the(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity increases the risk of type 2 diabetes and coronary artery disease (CAD). Because all 3 conditions may reduce quality of life, the extent to which obesity, diabetes, and CAD independently affect quality of life is uncertain. METHODS Patients with type 2 diabetes and documented CAD participating in the Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization(More)
Individual Midas cichlids (Cichlasoma citrinellum) show persistent differences in aggressive behavior toward dummy fish. The starting question was whether the level of such behavior can be used to predict the winner of a fight. In the first (long-term) experiment two fish were matched for size, color, and sex. After 24 h the opaque barrier separating the 2(More)
nucleus are thought to be critical to the function of DNA as a coding template for messenger RNA synthesis (1, 3, 13, 30). Oligoamines and diamines have been reported to interact with DNA to raise the temperature at which the helix †" 4 coil transition occurs (10, 16†" 19, 31). Diamines, such as cadaverine, also protect against the dark inactiva tion of(More)