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This integrative study investigated the generalization of the transtheoretical model across 12 problem behaviors. The cross-sectional comparisons involved relationships between two key constructs of the model, the stages of change and decisional balance. The behaviors studied were smoking cessation, quitting cocaine, weight control, high-fat diets,(More)
We investigated motivational and cognitive processes of behavior change with respect to mammography screening. One hundred forty-two women (ages 40 and older) recruited from three worksites answered a 41-item questionnaire consisting of statements based on constructs from the transtheoretical model of behavior change. Principal-components analysis(More)
OBJECTIVES This paper describes 6-year rates and correlates of functional change in the elderly, as well as associated hospital use. METHODS The Longitudinal Study on Aging (n = 7527) and matched Medicare claims were used to calculate 6-year functional status transition rates and hospital use rates. A hierarchical measure that incorporated activities of(More)
The motivational and cognitive processes of behavior change in the area of screening mammography were investigated. A total of 676 women, 40 to 79 years old, were recruited for telephone interview through random selection from designated census tracts and were asked questions that assessed mammography stage-of-adoption and decisional balance constructs from(More)
Concepts from the health belief, transtheoretical, and dual process models were used to examine how siblings of individuals diagnosed with colorectal cancer (CRC) before age 56 made decisions about CRC screening. Siblings (N = 504) were assessed for CRC screening practices and intentions, pros, cons, processes-of-change, perceived risk of CRC, perceived(More)
Achieving and maintaining high rates of screening mammography are major public health priorities. This report examines data from the 1990 National Health Interview Survey of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention on the utilization of mammography among women ages 40-75. Results show that progress is being made in some areas--57.7 percent of women "ever(More)
BACKGROUND Audience segmentation strategies are of increasing interest to public health professionals who wish to identify easily defined, mutually exclusive population subgroups whose members share similar characteristics that help determine participation in a health-related behavior as a basis for targeted interventions. Classification and regression tree(More)
PURPOSE We examined the health-related quality of life (QOL) of a cohort of older women with breast cancer after their diagnosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS Six hundred ninety-one women aged 65 years and older were interviewed approximately 3 months after breast cancer surgery and two additional times in the following year using standardized QOL measures.(More)
BACKGROUND Tailoring is a promising technique for encouraging greater performance of health-related behaviors. Tailored interventions are designed to be more individualized to personal characteristics, in contrast to "standard" interventions where all participants receive the same materials. METHODS A total of N = 1864 women aged 40-74 were recruited from(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the patterns and predictors of tamoxifen discontinuance throughout a 2-year period in a cohort of women 65 years or older with newly diagnosed, estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer, focusing on the role of patients' beliefs about the risks and benefits of tamoxifen therapy. SUBJECTS AND METHODS We enrolled a convenience(More)