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Hypoxia is a feature of most tumours, albeit with variable incidence and severity within a given patient population. It is a negative prognostic and predictive factor owing to its multiple contributions to chemoresistance, radioresistance, angiogenesis, vasculogenesis, invasiveness, metastasis, resistance to cell death, altered metabolism and genomic(More)
Double-blind studies were conducted for the treatment of idiopathic sudden hearing loss (ISHL) with oral steroids. The condition was defined as not less than a 30-dB loss over three contiguous frequencies in three days or less. Follow-up audiograms were obtained four weeks and three months later. Specific audiologic guidelines for the assessment of hearing(More)
Gene-directed enzyme prodrug therapy (GDEPT) aims to achieve highly selective tumor-cell killing through the use of tumor-tropic gene delivery vectors coupled with systemic administration of otherwise inert prodrugs. Nitroaromatic prodrugs such as CB1954 hold promise for GDEPT as they are readily reduced to potent DNA alkylating agents by bacterial(More)
The effects of volume of blood, number of consecutive cultures, and incubation time on pathogen recovery were evaluated for 37,568 blood cultures tested with the automated BACTEC 9240 instrument (Becton Dickinson Diagnostic Instrument Systems) at a tertiary care center over the period of 12 June 1996 through 12 October 1997. When the results for this study(More)
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) rupture is the 13th commonest cause of death in the Western World. Although considerable research has been applied to the aetiology and mechanism of aneurysm expansion, little is known about the mechanism of rupture. Aneurysm rupture was historically considered to be a simple physical process that occurred when the aortic(More)
The ideas and findings in this report should not be construed as an official DoD position. It is published in the interest of scientific and technical information exchange. Use of any trademarks in this report is not intended in any way to infringe on the rights of the trademark holder. Internal use. Permission to reproduce this document and to prepare(More)
The ideas and findings in this report should not be construed as an official DoD position. It is published in the interest of scientific and technical information exchange. Use of any trademarks in this report is not intended in any way to infringe on the rights of the trademark holder. Internal use. Permission to reproduce this document and to prepare(More)
OBJECTIVE To provide guidelines for the treatment of endocarditis in adults caused by the following microorganisms: viridans streptococci and other streptococci, enterococci, staphylococci, and fastidious gram-negative bacilli of the HACEK group. PARTICIPANTS An ad hoc writing group appointed by the American Heart Association under the auspices of the(More)
BACKGROUND Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) expansion is characterized by extracellular matrix degradation and widespread inflammation. In contrast, the processes that characterize AAA rupture are not well understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the proteolytic and cellular activity of ruptured AAA, focusing on matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs)(More)