William R. Waud

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The Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway is important for tumor initiation and progression. The low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein-6 (LRP6) is an essential Wnt co-receptor for Wnt/β-catenin signaling and represents a promising anticancer target. Recently, the antihelminthic drug, niclosamide was found to inhibit Wnt/β-catenin signaling, although(More)
A patient suffering from a combined deficiency of sulfite oxidase (sulfite dehydrogenase; sulfite:ferricytochrome c oxidoreductase, EC 1.8.2.1) and xanthine dehydrogenase (xanthine:NAD+ oxidoreductase, EC 1.2.1.37) is described. The patient displays severe neurological abnormalities, dislocated ocular lenses, and mental retardation. Urinary excretion of(More)
Pyrrolo[2,1-c][1,4]benzodiazepine dimer SJG-136 (NSC 694501) selectively cross-links guanine residues located on opposite strands of DNA, and exhibits potent in vitro cytotoxicity. In addition, SJG-136 is highly active in vivo in hollow fiber assays. In the current investigation, SJG-136 was evaluated for in vivo efficacy in 10 tumor models selected on the(More)
Because of the excellent in vivo activity of 4'-thio-beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine (T-araC) against a variety of human solid tumors, we have studied its metabolism in CEM cells to determine how the biochemical pharmacology of this compound differs from that of beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine (araC). Although there were many quantitative differences in the(More)
The antitumour activity of vinflunine, 20',20'-dichloro-3',4'-dihydrovinorelbine, a fluorinated Vinca alkaloid obtained by reaction in superacid media, was evaluated in comparison with vinorelbine against a series of subcutaneously-implanted human tumour xenografts. The tumours studied were established from bladder (BXF1299), pancreas (PAXF546), kidney(More)
The uptake of cis-[14C]dichloro(ethylenediamine)platinum(II) (cis-DEP) is reduced in cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II) (cis-DDP)-resistant L1210 cells [L1210/DDP (SRI)] in comparison to cis-DDP-sensitive L1210 cells (L1210/0). A difference in uptake is observed as early as 6 min after addition of cis-[14C]DEP and increases to approximately 3-fold after 30(More)
Purpose. 4′-Thio-β-d-arabinofuranosylcytosine (4′-thio-ara-C), which has shown significant cytotoxicity against a panel of human tumor lines, was evaluated for antitumor activity against a spectrum of human tumor systems in mice. Methods. Antitumor activity was evaluated in 15 subcutaneously implanted human tumor xenografts. 4′-Thio-ara-C was administered(More)
Several properties of four 1-deaza-7,8-dihydropteridines were compared with those of each other and with those of colchicine, nocodazole, podophyllotoxin, and vincristine. Compound NSC 370147 was more active than the other compounds of this type with respect to inhibition of proliferation of cultured L1210 cells and to increase of the mitotic index. On an(More)
Docetaxel (Taxotere®, RP 56976, NSC 628503), a new taxoid, was evaluated for preclinical evidence of anticancer activity in athymic nude (NCr-nu) mice bearing established, subcutaneously (s.c.) implanted human tumor xenografts CX-1 or KM20L2 (colon carcinomas), LX-1 (lung carcinoma), MX-1 (mammary carcinoma), and SK-MEL-2 (melanoma). Other evaluations used(More)