William R. Waud

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The Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway is important for tumor initiation and progression. The low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein-6 (LRP6) is an essential Wnt co-receptor for Wnt/β-catenin signaling and represents a promising anticancer target. Recently, the antihelminthic drug, niclosamide was found to inhibit Wnt/β-catenin signaling, although(More)
Pyrrolo[2,1-c][1,4]benzodiazepine dimer SJG-136 (NSC 694501) selectively cross-links guanine residues located on opposite strands of DNA, and exhibits potent in vitro cytotoxicity. In addition, SJG-136 is highly active in vivo in hollow fiber assays. In the current investigation, SJG-136 was evaluated for in vivo efficacy in 10 tumor models selected on the(More)
Penclomedine is 3,5-dichloro-2,4-dimethoxy-6-(trichloromethyl)pyridine (NSC 338720), an alpha-picoline derivative with p.o. antitumor activity in preclinical leukemia and solid tumor models. Described here are an in vivo cross-resistance profile of penclomedine, treatment schedule dependence studies, and studies exploring the effects of p.o. drug on human(More)
Bizelesin (U.77779, NSC 615291), a synthetic analogue of the cytotoxic antibiotic CC-1065, is a bifunctional alky-lating agent that produces DNA interstrand cross-links. Bi-zelesin was evaluated for antiturnor activity against a broad spectrum of syngeneic murine tumors and human tumor xenografts in mice. Systemic drug administration produced >6.7 log10(More)
A major limitation of adenovirus type 5-mediated cancer gene therapy is the inefficient infection of many cancer cells. Previously, we showed that treatment with low doses of the histone deacetylase inhibitor FK228 (FR901228, depsipeptide) increased coxsackie adenovirus receptor (CAR) levels, histone H3 acetylation, and adenovirus infection efficiencies as(More)
Escherichia coli purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP) expressed in tumors converts relatively nontoxic prodrugs into membrane-permeant cytotoxic compounds with high bystander activity. In the present study, we examined tumor regressions resulting from treatment with E. coli PNP and fludarabine phosphate (F-araAMP), a clinically approved compound used in(More)
We have demonstrated antitumor activity against refractory human glioma and pancreatic tumors with 6-methylpurine (MeP) using either a suicide gene therapy strategy to selectively release 6-methylpurine in tumor cells or direct intratumoral injection of 6-methylpurine itself. A single i.p. injection in mice of the prodrug(More)
Penclomedine [3,5-dichloro-4,6-dimethoxy-2-(trichloromethyl)pyridine], an antitumor agent, is currently in Phase I clinical trials and is believed to be a prodrug. In these studies, cerebellar effects have been dose limiting. Previous studies identified 4-demethylpenclomedine (4-DM-PEN) as the major plasma metabolite in rodents and humans. 4-DM-PEN was(More)
The use of E. coli purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP) to activate prodrugs has demonstrated excellent activity in the treatment of various human tumor xenografts in mice. E. coli PNP cleaves purine nucleoside analogs to generate toxic adenine analogs, which are activated by adenine phosphoribosyl transferase (APRT) to metabolites that inhibit RNA and(More)
In silico chemical library screening (virtual screening) was used to identify a novel lead compound capable of inhibiting S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase (AdoMetDC). AdoMetDC is intimately involved in the biosynthesis of polyamines, which are essential for tumor progression and are elevated in numerous types of tumors. Therefore, inhibition of this(More)