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Aggression is generally more severe between males than between females because males gain greater payoffs from escalated aggression. Males that successfully defeat rivals may greatly increase their access to fertile females. Because female reproductive success depends on long-term access to resources, competition between females is often sustained but low(More)
Despite considerable attention to chimpanzee intergroup violence, the number of observed cases remains small. We report 4 cases of intergroup violence that occurred in Gombe National Park, Tanzania, between 1993 and 2002. We observed (3 cases) or inferred (1 case) males from the Kasekela community to attack members of their 2 neighboring communities:(More)
Chimpanzees exhibit cultural variation, yet examples of successful cultural transmission between wild communities are lacking. Here we provide the first account of tool-assisted predation ("ant fishing") on Camponotus ants by the Kasekela and Mitumba communities of Gombe National Park. We then consider three hypotheses for the appearance and spread of this(More)
Play in nonhuman animals has generally been viewed as being uniform among study sites. No studies have examined whether there are local variations in play. In this work we report an apparently locality-specific form of play that is basically solo locomotor play, but also has aspects of object play and social play. We describe this unusual "leaf-pile(More)
The role learning plays in the acquisition of communicative gestures by wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) is unclear. We aimed to evaluate the likelihood that social experience influences the structure of chimpanzee buttress drumming displays by examining whether individuals differed in the way they used their hands and feet to strike trees. We analyzed(More)
In 1998, four chimpanzees in the Mahale Mountains National Park, Tanzania, were observed wiping their mouths with non-detached leaves or stalks of grass, or rubbing their mouths with a tree trunk or branch, especially while eating lemons. The number of mouth-wiping/rubbing individuals increased to 18 in 1999. By 2005, 29 chimpanzees were documented(More)
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