William R. Trumble

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We examined the invasion of an established bovine mammary epithelial cell line (MAC-T) by a Staphylococcus aureus mastitis isolate to study the potential role of intracellular survival in the persistence of staphylococcal infections. S. aureus cells displayed dose-dependent invasion of MAC-T cells and intracellular survival. An electron microscopic(More)
Calsequestrin, the major Ca2+ storage protein of muscle, coordinately binds and releases 40–50 Ca2+ ions per molecule for each contraction-relaxation cycle by an uncertain mechanism. We have determined the structure of rabbit skeletal muscle calsequestrin. Three very negative thioredoxin-like domains surround a hydrophilic center. Each monomer makes two(More)
In this study, we demonstrate that the mechanism by which Staphylococcus aureus induces apoptosis in bovine mammary epithelial (MAC-T) cells involves caspases 8 and 3, two key components of a proteolytic cascade leading to apoptosis. In addition, internalized S. aureus induces expression of the inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor alpha and(More)
Staphylococcus aureus expresses several surface proteins that promote adherence to host cell extracellular matrix proteins, including fibronectin (Fn). Since this organism has recently been shown to be internalized by nonprofessional phagocytes, a process that typically requires high-affinity binding to host cell receptors, we investigated the role of its(More)
Staphylococcus aureus was recently shown to be internalized by and to induce apoptosis in a bovine mammary epithelial cell line, suggesting that these processes could be involved in staphylococcal pathogenesis or persistence. To examine the role of virulence factor regulators during internalization, mutant agr and sar strains of S. aureus were analyzed for(More)
Calsequestrin is an intermediate affinity, high capacity Ca(2+)-binding protein found in the lumen of the sarcoplasmic reticulum of both skeletal and cardiac muscle cells. Previous sequence analysis suggested that calsequestrin may contain a hydrophobic binding site for the drug trifluoperazine, a site shared by the calmodulin family and shown to play a(More)
A 56kDa protein with high similarity in its N-terminal amino acid sequence to animal calreticulin and 100% homology with the N-terminal amino acids of spinach calreticulin has been identified in seeds of the pea plant (Pisum sativum). A new purification procedure is described by which the calreticulin-like protein was selectively solubilized by incubation(More)
The present study identified and characterized a unique operon (spl) encoding six serine protease-like proteins. In addition, native Spl proteins were isolated and characterized. Typical of most exoproteins, the spl gene products contain putative 35- or 36-amino-acid signal peptides. The Spl proteins share 44 to 95% amino acid sequence identity with each(More)
Motor neurons from distinct positions along the rostrocaudal axis generally innervate muscles or muscle fibers from corresponding axial levels. These topographic maps of connectivity are partially restored after denervation or transplantation under conditions in which factors of timing and proximity are eliminated. It is therefore likely that motor neurons(More)
The nucleoside 5'-triphosphate (NTP) substrate specificities for Ca-stimulated ATPase and ATP-dependent Ca2+ uptake activities have been examined in cardiac sarcolemma (SL) and sarcoplasmic (SR) membrane vesicles. The results indicate that SL membrane vesicles exhibit a much narrower range of NTP substrate specificities than SR membranes. In SR membrane(More)