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myo-Inositol-1-phosphatase has been partially purified from bovine brain. The enzyme has a molecular weight of about 58,000. Both L-myo-inositol 1-phosphate and D-myo-inositol 1-phosphate are hydrolyzed by the enzyme as well as (-)-chiro-inositol 3-phosphate and 2'-AMP. Triphosphoinositide is not a substrate. The phosphatase is completely dependent on Mg2+,(More)
Fascicles of the sural nerve from each of 20 diabetic patients, mostly with maturity-onset diabetes, were studied by biochemical and pathological techniques, and results were compared to values found in nerve specimens from 15 healthy persons. The sorbitol and fructose content was much more variable in diabetic than in healthy nerves. More than one-third of(More)
Sugar alcohols have been found to play an important osmoregulatory role both in unicellular organisms and, more recently, in multicellular organisms, including mammals. This study shows that myo-inositol accumulates in the brains of chronically hypernatremic mice, as had been earlier found in rats, and demonstrates for the first time a profound decrease of(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that myo-inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) mobilizes Ca2+ from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) of digitonin-permeabilized islets and that an increase in intracellular free Ca2+ stimulates insulin release. Furthermore, glucose stimulates arachidonic acid metabolism in islets. In digitonin-permeabilized islets, exogenous(More)
Rats were exposed to either 29 consecutive days of LiCl injections or 27 and 39 days of dietary Li2CO3, followed by injected LiCl at the end of the diet to insure a constant level of exposure to the drug. At the end of the period of chronic exposure to lithium, the rats were sacrificed and brain myo-inositol-1-phosphate phosphohydrolase (myo-inositol(More)
The effect of chronic versus acute administration of lithium on receptor-linked phosphoinositide metabolism was assessed by comparing the change in the cerebral cortex levels of myo-inositol 1-phosphate in response to pilocarpine, physostigmine, or pargyline in rats. Rats were exposed to either 29 consecutive days of LiCl injections or 27 and 39 days of(More)
the United States Government nor any agency thereof, or any of their employees, makes any warranty, expressed or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for any third party's use, or the results of such use, of any information, apparatus, product or process disclosed in this report, or represents that its use by such third party would not(More)
Rabbit anti-bovine myo-inositol-1-phosphate synthase was used to examine the distribution of that enzyme in perfused and immersion-fixed bovine brain and testis. In brain, intense and specific staining was found in the walls of all the vascular elements including cerebral capillaries. The remainder of brain parenchyma exhibited only low levels of background(More)