William R. Scowcroft

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It is concluded from a review of the literature that plant cell culture itself generates genetic variability (somaclonal variation). Extensive examples are discussed of such variation in culture subclones and in regenerated plants (somaclones). A number of possible mechanisms for the origin of this phenomenon are considered. It is argued that this variation(More)
Efficient tissue culture and regeneration methods were established using immature wheat embryos as expiants. Genotype differences in culturability were evident, and from the ten accessions most amenable to culture, a total of 2,846 plants were regenerated. Extensive somaclonal variation for morphological and biochemical traits was observed among 142(More)
A method is described for the culture and regeneration of plants from callus of sunflower (Helianthus annuus) andH. annuus x H. tuberosus hybrids. Immature embryos proved to be the only explant which consistently gave regenerable cultures in all genotypes. The most responsive embryos were approximately 12 mm2 in area. Genotype had a significant effect on(More)
Embryos derived in vitro from isolated microspores of Brassica napus L. were compared with their zygotic counterparts. Parameters investigated included storage-protein accumulation and gene expression, fattyacid composition, storage-lipid biosynthesis, and the appearance of oil-body proteins. The microspore embryos accumulate storage-protein and show(More)
Mesophyll protoplasts of Nicotiana tabacum, heterozygous for the sulfur locus (Su/su), were isolated and more than 2,200 calli were cultured. More than 8,000 regenerated shoots were analyzed for leaf colour. Cell culture regimes included media for normal and stressed growth conditions with both short and long culture periods. An additional treatment(More)
The analysis of sugarcane plants regenerated from culture for their reaction to eyespot (Helminthosporium sacchari) toxin is described. A total of 480 culture-derived plants (somaclones) from cultivar Q101 were characterized. Some of these plants derived from cultures which had been subjected to selection with the eyespot toxin and others were derived(More)
Forty-eight mutants unable to reduce nitrate were isolated from "cowpea" Rhizobium sp. strain 32Hl and examined for nitrogenase activity in culture. All but two of the mutants had nitrogenase activity comparable with the parental sttain and two nitrogenase-defective strains showed alterations in their symbiotic properties. One strain was unable to nodulate(More)
Helminthosporium sacchari produces a toxin which is responsible for the symptoms of eyespot disease in Saccharum officinarum. A rapid and highly repeatable bioassay based on increase in conductivity of tissue leachates showed that the interaction of toxin with sugarcane obeys Michaelis-Menten hyperbolic saturation kinetics. There was no evidence for(More)
Nutritional and physical conditions affecting nitrogenase activity in the strain of “cowpea” rhizobia, 32H1, were examined using cultures grown on agar medium. Arabinose in the basic medium (CS7) could be replaced by ribose, xylose, or glycerol, but mannitol, glucose, sucrose, or galactose only supported low nitrogenase (C2H2 reduction) activity. Succinate(More)