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The metabolic response to injury and illness as manifested by increases in energy expenditure and nitrogen losses makes it difficult for the clinician to evaluate calorie and protein needs. A method for determining daily calorie needs in hospitalized patients is presented. Average increases in resting metabolic expenditure for a group of patients following(More)
INTRODUCTIONS In many hospital settings, the process of providing information to families of critically ill and injured patients can be frustrating for all concerned. Communication failure is the root of much dysfunction in health care and improvement would be well received. The Trauma Team chose to include family members in daily work rounds, allowing(More)
This multicenter study compared the use of a biosynthetic human skin substitute with frozen human cadaver allograft for the temporary closure of excised burn wounds. Dermagraft-TC (Advanced Tissue Sciences, Inc.) (DG-TC) consists of a synthetic material onto which human neonatal fibroblasts are cultured. Burn wounds in 66 patients with a mean age of 36(More)
Cervical spine injury is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the traumatized patient. Little of the trauma literature addresses injury to the cervicothoracic junction (C7-T1); we were able to find only two studies that evaluated the incidence of injury in this area. The spinal injury registry of St Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center and(More)
In the "flow" phase of severe injury, mobilization of body fat and protein sources are accelerated to meet increased demands. Fat mobilization usually exceeds the need for oxidative substrates and the leftover fatty acids are re-esterified, resulting in a "futile" TG/FFA cycle. This contributes to increased energy expenditure and provision of nutrients may(More)
Forty-five acute head trauma patients were randomized into a neurotrauma nutritional study to compare the efficacy of two forms of standard nutritional supplementation; namely total parenteral nutrition (TPN) versus enteral nutrition (NG). Forty patients were male, 5 were female, with a median age of 28 years. The mean admitting Glasgow coma scale score was(More)
Age-associated decrease in lean body mass may lead to varied responses to severe trauma. Hypoaminoacidemia is generally common among trauma victims. We measured the plasma free amino acids in the early "flow," ie, catabolic, phase of injury in 9 elderly (aged 61-81 y) and 13 young (aged 20-38 y) traumatized patients. Postabsorptive control samples were(More)
In the obese state profound metabolic disturbances exist and it is not known how this disrupted metabolism in obese subjects (body mass index greater than 30) may change their ability to respond to the superimposed, injury-induced stress. Understanding the mechanisms that modify the metabolic parameters in traumatized obese patients is essential in their(More)
Optimal nutritional support should use a patient's energy expenditure as a guide for administering sufficient but not excessive caloric intake. Eight patients requiring parenteral nutrition were evaluated, using indirect calorimetry measurements, to determine the nutritional influence on the rates of substrate utilization in the critical period of catabolic(More)
This paper reports a retrospective analysis of patients with serious yet substantially survivable injuries represented by ISS scores from 20 to 39 and whether or not survival was influenced by the use of helicopters. A review of 606 of these patients with blunt trauma was performed for the period from 1983 through 1986. When the group was evaluated there(More)