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Soy isoflavones have been hypothesized to exert hormonal effects in postmenopausal women. To test this hypothesis, we studied the effects of three soy powders containing different levels of isoflavones in 18 postmenopausal women. Isoflavones were consumed relative to bodyweight [control: 0.11 +/- 0.01; low isoflavone (low-iso): 1.00 +/- 0.01; high(More)
Soy isoflavones are hypothesized to be responsible for changes in hormone action associated with reduced breast cancer risk. To test this hypothesis, we studied the effects of isoflavone consumption in 14 premenopausal women. Isoflavones were consumed in soy protein powders and provided relative to body weight (control diet, 10 +/- 1.1; low isoflavone diet,(More)
Increased urinary excretion of equol, a metabolite of the isoflavone daidzein, has been associated with a reduced risk of breast cancer. This risk reduction has generally been presumed to be a consequence of increased isoflavone consumption. However, only 30-40% of the population excretes more than trace amounts of equol, regardless of isoflavone intake.(More)
Smoking histories were compared in 901 women with infertility of different types and 1264 women admitted for delivery at seven collaborating hospitals. The relative risk for infertility associated with cigarette smoking prior to the infertility diagnosis for nulliparous cases or first live birth for controls was calculated using a multivariate(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the effect of human follicular fluid (FF) and the specific contribution of its epidermal growth factor (EGF) component on the in vitro maturation of cumulus-enclosed mouse oocytes. DESIGN A previously described mouse oocyte model system was used to study the effect of FF on oocyte maturation before and after extraction of EGF by(More)
The purpose of this trial was to determine whether exercise without weight loss would reduce F2-isoprostanes in previously sedentary young women. Participants (N=319) were randomized to four months of 150min/week aerobic exercise or a control group. Plasma free F2-isoprostanes were measured by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Other assessments included(More)
Soy isoflavones are hypothesized to exert hormonal effects in women and thus may play a role in bone metabolism throughout life. In 2 randomized, cross-over studies, 14 pre- and 17 postmenopausal women were given 3 soy protein isolates containing different amounts of isoflavones [control, 0.13; low isoflavone (low-iso), 1.00; and high-iso, 2.01 mg/kg body(More)
BACKGROUND Soy consumption is known to reduce plasma total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol in hypercholesterolemic subjects, but the responsible soy components and the effects in normocholesterolemic subjects remain unclear. OBJECTIVE The effects of soy isoflavone consumption on plasma total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, triacylglycerol,(More)
Although the sequence of human GH-releasing hormone (GHRH) has been determined, all of the information concerning gene expression has been based on pathological sources of ectopic GHRH, since the only established physiological source of GHRH in humans is the hypothalamus. We recently reported the presence of extrahypothalamic GHRH-like mRNA and(More)