William R. Lynn

Learn More
OBJECTIVE To identify variables predictive of smoking cessation in a cohort of cigarette smokers followed for five years. DESIGN Data analysed in this paper come from a cohort tracking telephone survey of 13415 cigarette smokers aged 25-64 years from 20 American and two Canadian communities who were interviewed in 1988 and re-interviewed in 1993 as part(More)
BACKGROUND Cigarette smoking is responsible for at least one third of all cancer deaths annually in the United States. Few sources exist in the peer-reviewed literature documenting state and regional differences in smoking behavior, despite the fact that cancer prevention and control efforts are increasingly being implemented below the national level. (More)
OBJECTIVE To compare trends in smoking behaviour and use of cigarette brands by adults and adolescents. DESIGN Data analysed in this paper come from tobacco use surveys of adults and teenagers conducted in 18 communities in the United States, as part of the National Cancer Institute's Community Intervention Trial for Smoking Cessation. Data on adult(More)
Chewing tobacco, snuff, and total smokeless tobacco use from the 1985 Current Population Survey (CPS) are reported. The CPS is the only survey capable of providing national, regional, and individual state tobacco use estimates for all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The prevalence of smokeless tobacco use varies considerably among and within regions(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the current outcome of gunshots to the arteries of the lower extremity. The authors conducted a retrospective analysis of 104 patients with gunshots to the femoral (n=71) and popliteal (n=33) artery. One hundred four patients presented over the 60-month period. Ninety-six (92%) were male and eight of 104 female.(More)
In September 1985, the Census Bureau collected health information on 114,342 individuals as part of its Current Population Survey (CPS). A special supplement that included questions on smoking practices was sponsored by the Office on Smoking and Health. The CPS, with its large sample size, provides a unique opportunity to examine region, division, and state(More)
The American Stop Smoking Intervention Study (ASSIST) is a programme to implement proven interventions in 17 states across the United States. ASSIST applies all that we have learned in 10 years of research on tobacco use prevention and control. The goal of this seven-year project is to reduce the prevalence of smoking and cigarette consumption in the ASSIST(More)
The use of proxy respondents in surveys designed to provide population estimates of smoking prevalence offers an inexpensive way to obtain these data. The accuracy of this information is examined in analyzing data from tobacco use surveys of adults conducted in 22 North American communities as part of the National Cancer Institute's Community Intervention(More)
OBJECTIVES This study examined the prevalence rate of and characteristics associated with cigar use. METHODS Data were derived from population-based telephone surveys of adults conducted in 22 North American communities in 1989 and 1993 as part of the National Cancer Institute's Community Intervention Trial for Smoking Cessation. RESULTS Averaged across(More)
This paper outlines an approach for the design and analysis of randomized controlled trials investigating community-based interventions for behavioral change aimed at health promotion. The approach is illustrated using the Community Intervention Trial for Smoking Cessation (COMMIT), conducted from 1988 to 1993, involving 11 pairs of communities in North(More)