William R. Ledoux

Learn More
OBJECTIVE To conduct a biomechanical comparison of a new triangular osteosynthesis and the standard iliosacral screw osteosynthesis for unstable transforaminal sacral fractures in the immediate postoperative situation as well as in the early postoperative weight-bearing period. DESIGN Twelve preserved human cadaveric lumbopelvic specimens were cyclicly(More)
The distributed vertical ground reaction forces were determined for a normative population and contrasted with data from subjects with flat feet. Nineteen asymptomatic subjects, 11 with a neutrally aligned foot type (normal arch) and 8 with a pes planus foot type (low arch), were studied as they walked barefoot across a pressure plate. The pressure plate(More)
We hypothesized an association between foot type, foot deformity, and foot ulceration and conducted an analysis of a well-characterized, high-risk diabetic population of 398 subjects. The average age was 62 years of age and 74% of the study population were males. Foot-type distributions were 19.5% pes cavus (high arch), 51.5% neutrally aligned (normal(More)
As mathematical models of the musculoskeletal system become increasingly detailed and precise, they require more accurate information about the architectural parameters of the individual muscles. These muscles are typically represented as Hill-type models, which require data on fiber length, physiological cross-sectional area (PCSA) and pennation angle.(More)
Elevated stump skin temperatures and the accompanying thermal discomfort are side effects of prosthesis use that may reduce amputee quality of life, particularly in hot or humid surroundings. Lower skin temperatures might be achieved through more effective heat transfer in the prosthesis, a process governed in part by the thermal conductivity of the sock,(More)
The plantar soft tissue is the primary means of physical interaction between a person and the ground during locomotion. Dynamic loads greater than body weight are borne across the entire plantar surface during each step. However, most testing of these tissues has concentrated on the structural properties of the heel pad. The purpose of this study was to(More)
Changes in the plantar soft tissue shear properties may contribute to ulceration in diabetic patients, however, little is known about these shear parameters. This study examines the elastic and viscoelastic shear behavior of both diabetic and non-diabetic plantar tissue. Previously compression tested plantar tissue specimens (n=54) at six relevant plantar(More)
The purpose of this study was to characterize the viscoelastic behavior of diabetic and non-diabetic plantar soft tissue at six ulcer-prone/load-bearing locations beneath the foot to determine any changes that may play a role in diabetic ulcer formation and subsequent amputation in this predisposed population. Four older diabetic and four control fresh(More)
To eliminate some of the ambiguity in describing foot shape, we developed three-dimensional (3D), objective measures of foot type based on computerized tomography (CT) scans. Feet were classified via clinical examination as pes cavus (high arch), neutrally aligned (normal arch), asymptomatic pes planus (flat arch with no pain), or symptomatic pes planus(More)