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OBJECTIVE To describe hyperintense vessels sign (HVS) in patients with acute stroke on fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) MRI and determine its clinical significance and utility. BACKGROUND Enhancement of vessels on postcontrast MRI in patients with acute stroke is considered an indicator of early brain ischemia. Recently, the FLAIR technique has(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Fluid-attenuated inversion-recovery (FLAIR) MR imaging may show subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) with high sensitivity. We hypothesized that the FLAIR technique is effective and reliable in the diagnosis of cerebral intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH). METHODS Two observers evaluated the 1.5-T MR fast spin-echo FLAIR images, T1- and(More)
Infective endocarditis (IE) is an elusive systemic disorder that is often associated with neurologic complications. The contribution of brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to the diagnosis of IE and the spectrum of such findings has been only sparsely described previously. The authors report cranial MRI findings in 12 patients with IE. Each of the(More)
The authors study brain regional glucose metabolism prospectively in multiple sclerosis (MS) using high-resolution 2-[18-F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography (FDG PET) in 25 MS patients of the Dent Neurologic Institute compared with 6 healthy subjects. Glucose metabolism is measured in 20 regions of interest using a line-profile(More)
Twenty-three elderly patients were found to have a consistent pattern of leukoencephalopathy by computed tomography and nuclear magnetic resonance imaging. Eight patients presented with vague, nonspecific symptoms and had no neurologic deficits. The other 15 patients had neurologic deficits that presented in one of three ways: stroke, seven patients; slowly(More)
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) imaging was superior to CT for imaging the brain lesions of 27 patients with MS. The incidence of abnormal examinations was 78% by NMR and 63% by CT. In cases in which both studies were abnormal, NMR usually demonstrated many more lesions and more extensive involvement than CT. The appearance and locations of lesions(More)
PURPOSE Reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome (RPLS) is an increasingly recognized brain disorder most commonly associated with malignant hypertension, toxemia of pregnancy, or the use of immunosuppressive agents. When associated with acute hypertension, RPLS typically occurs concurrently with the fulminant clinical syndrome of hypertensive(More)
There is controversy about the frequency with which patients with isolated optic neuritis (ON) subsequently develop clinically definite multiple sclerosis. Furthermore, at the time of isolated ON, there are no features that are both sensitive and accurate in predicting which patients will develop clinically definite multiple sclerosis. We analyzed(More)
We present unusual magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in a case of neurosarcoidosis. MRI revealed a large solitary suprasellar mass which resembled a neoplasm. The lesion was isointense and hyperintense on T1-weighted images, hypointense on T2-weighted images, and intensely homogeneously enhancing. Biopsy revealed a polymorphous inflammatory lesion(More)