William R Driedzic

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Ventricle strips from little skate (Raja erinacea), spiny dogfish (Squalus acanthias), black dogfish (Etmopterus spinax), sea raven (Hemitripterus americanus), cod (Gadus morhua), hagfish (Myxine glutinosa) and white sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus) were mounted for isometric force recording. Force development was assessed as a function of external(More)
In recent years, there has been a great deal of interest in how growth hormone (GH) transgenesis affects fish physiology. However, the results of these studies are often difficult to interpret because the transgenic and non-transgenic fish had very different environmental/rearing histories. This study used a stable line of size-matched GH Atlantic salmon(More)
Common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.), 1 kg body weight, were acclimated for 1-2 months to water temperatures of either 7-8 degrees C (cold-acclimated group) or 23-24 degrees C (warm-acclimated group). Single fast fibres and small bundles of slow fibres were isolated from the myotomal muscles and chemically skinned. Force-velocity (P-V) characteristics were(More)
Rainbow smelt is a small fish that accumulates glycerol in winter as a cryoprotectant when the animal is in seawater. Glycerol is synthesized in liver from different substrates that all lead to the formation of glycerol-3-phosphate (G3P). This study assesses whether glycerol is produced by a direct dephosphorylation of G3P by a phosphatase (G3Pase) or by a(More)
Rainbow smelt (Osmerus mordax) inhabit inshore waters along the North American Atlantic coast. During the winter, these waters are frequently ice covered and can reach temperatures as low as -1.9 degrees C. To prevent freezing, smelt accumulate high levels of glycerol, which lower the freezing point via colligative means, and antifreeze proteins (AFP). The(More)
Coeliac artery blood flow (Fca) before and after feeding was recorded in the sea raven. To obtain basic information about the scope of cardiovascular adjustment in the sea raven, a separate series of experiments was performed, in which ventral (Pva), and dorsal (Pda) aortic blood pressure, heart rate (HR) and cardiac output (jaz) were monitored during rest(More)
We compared levels of the major organic osmolytes in the muscle of elasmobranchs, including the methylamines trimethylamine oxide (TMAO), betaine and sarcosine as well as the beta-amino acids taurine and beta-alanine, and the activities of enzymes of methylamine synthesis (betaine and TMAO) in species with a wide range of urea contents. Four marine, a(More)
The turtle heart provides a model system to study the effects of anoxia on protein synthesis without the potentially confounding factor of contractile failure and decreased ATP levels. Protein synthesis, as measured by 3H-labeled phenylalanine incorporation, was studied under conditions of normoxia and anoxia in isolated perfused turtle [Trachemys (=(More)
The cunner is a marine teleost that exhibits winter dormancy (i.e., becomes inactive and stops feeding) when seawater temperatures fall below 5°C. To examine whether this dormant state is also associated with active metabolic depression, the effect of season on routine metabolic rate (MR(rout)) was measured at five different times throughout the year: early(More)
Oxygen consumption, as an indicator of routine metabolic rate (RoMR), and tissue-specific changes in protein synthesis, as measured by (3)H-labelled phenylalanine incorporation rates, were determined in Astronotus ocellatus to investigate the cellular mechanisms behind hypoxia-induced metabolic depression and recovery. RoMR was significantly depressed, by(More)