William R. Church

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During the past 20 years contributions from many laboratories have led to the development of isolation procedures, delineation of primary structures, and more recently, to the expression of recombinant proteins associated with the coagulation cascade. In general, studies of coagulation proteins under defined conditions have demonstrated the prescience of(More)
A unique blood coagulation factor X variant has been identified in a family with a history of bleeding. Plasma from affected family members had prolonged prothrombin times and activated partial thromboplastin times, low to below normal factor X coagulant activity, and normal factor X antigen levels. Sequencing of DNA from the propositus revealed a single G(More)
The kinetics of the activation of human prothrombin catalyzed by human prothrombinase was studied using the fluorescent alpha-thrombin inhibitor dansylarginine-N-(3-ethyl-1,5-pentanediyl)amide (DAPA). Prothrombinase proteolytically activates prothrombin to alpha-thrombin by cleavages at Arg273-Thr274 (bond A) and Arg322-Ile323 (bond B). The differential(More)
Using three experimental approaches, we have addressed the questions of whether the presence of saturably bound thrombin plays a role in potentiating the activation of platelet phospholipase C (PLC) and/or accumulation of the 3-phosphorylated phosphoinositides (3-PPI), i.e. phosphatidylinositol 3,4-bisphosphate and phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate,(More)
A murine antihuman factor IX monoclonal antibody (BC2) has been generated and evaluated for its capacity to prolong the activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) in vitro and ex vivo and to prevent arterial thrombosis in a rat model in vivo. BC2 extended aPTT to a maximum of 60 to 80 seconds at 100 to 1000 nmol/L in vitro (rat and human plasma,(More)
Review of patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis over a three-year period showed an increased incidence of bronchogenic carcinoma (5%). There had been considerable delay in establishing diagnosis of coexistent carcinoma which was attributed to finding of acid-fast bacilli and relative ease of ascribing all findings to that cause. Suspicious roentgen(More)
This study investigated the incidences of undercarboxylated (protein induced by vitamin K absence: PIVKA) prothrombin and protein C in 496 neonates across a wide range of gestational ages. These findings are related to vitamin K1 levels (an indicator of cofactor availability) and vitamin K1 epoxide levels (a measure of the efficiency of the hepatic vitamin(More)
We determined factor VII antigen (FVIIag) levels in 705 healthy blood donors ranging in age from 17 to 79 years using a two-site solid-phase enzyme immunoassay developed in our laboratory. The mean (+/- SD) FVIIag level for the total population was 102 +/- 31%. FVIIag levels for men (n = 375) and women (n = 330) were 101 +/- 28% and 103 +/- 33%,(More)
A chemically synthesized dodecapeptide (Asp-Ala-Ala-Ser-Pro-Arg-Glu-Glu-Pro-Arg-Ala-Pro), consisting of residues 39 through 50 of the HLA-B7 heavy chain sequence and containing a highly hydrophilic hexapeptide segment (Pro-Arg-Glu-Glu-Pro-Arg), induced antibodies that bound specifically to free HLA-A, and HLA-B heavy chains and to the soluble dodecapeptide.(More)
Computer searches of the National Biomedical Research Foundation protein and nucleic acid sequence data bases using the NH2 terminus of the bovine factor Va 94-kilodalton heavy chain, the NH2 terminus of the 74-kilodalton factor Va light chain, and an internal 98-residue segment of porcine factor VIII revealed that both bovine factor V and porcine factor(More)