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The fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe has been widely used to study eukaryotic cell biology, but almost all of this work has used derivatives of a single strain. We have studied 81 independent natural isolates and 3 designated laboratory strains of Schizosaccharomyces pombe. Schizosaccharomyces pombe varies significantly in size but shows only limited(More)
Yeast artificial mini-chromosomes have helped to define the features of chromosome architecture important for accurate segregation and replication and have been used to identify genes important for chromosome stability and as large-fragment cloning vectors. Artificial chromosomes have been developed in human cells but they do not have defined,(More)
Most temperate phages encode an integrase for integration and excision of the prophage. Integrases belong either to the lambda Int family of tyrosine recombinases or to a subgroup of the serine recombinases, the large serine recombinases. Integration by purified serine integrases occurs efficiently in vitro in the presence of their cognate (~50 bp) phage(More)
Kinetochores in multicellular eukaryotes are usually associated with heterochromatin. Whether this heterochromatin simply promotes the cohesion necessary for accurate chromosome segregation at cell division or whether it also has a role in kinetochore assembly is unclear. Schizosaccharomyces pombe is an important experimental system for investigating(More)
Cloned human telomeric DNA can integrate into mammalian chromosomes and seed the formation of new telomeres. This process occurs efficiently in three established human cell lines and in a mouse embryonic stem cell line. The newly seeded telomeres appear to be healed by telomerase. The seeding of new telomeres by cloned telomeric DNA is either undetectable(More)
We show that the accuracy of mitotic segregation of three engineered, mapped human mini-chromosomes differs between human, mouse and chicken cell lines. We have studied the cause of these differences by analysing the extent of centromere formation on one mini-chromosome immunocytochemically. In human and chicken cell lines the mini-chromosomes segregate(More)
ST1 is an artificial mini-chromosome approximately 4.5 Mb in size containing mouse minor and major satellite DNA, human alphoid DNA and sequences derived from interval 5 of the human Y chromosome. Here we have measured the mitotic and meiotic transmission of ST1 and have used the mini-chromosome to define the ability of mice to monitor the presence of(More)
The serine recombinases differ mechanistically from the tyrosine recombinases and include proteins such as ϕC31 integrase which, unlike Cre and Flp, promote unidirectional reactions. The serine recombinase family is large and includes many other proteins besides ϕC31 integrase with the potential to be widely used in genome engineering. Here we review the(More)
We have established the identity of the Schizosaccharomyces pombe homologue of vertebrate CENP-C and Saccharomyces cerevisiae MIF2p and have used it to compare Dam tagging and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChiP)as tools for the mapping of protein binding sites on DNA. ChiP shows that S. pombe CENP-C binds to the central core and inner repeats of the S.(More)
We have used the phiC31 integrase to introduce large DNA sequences into a vertebrate genome and measure the efficiency of integration of intact DNA as a function of insert size. Inserts of 110 kb and 140 kb in length may be integrated with about 25% and 10% efficiency respectively. In order to overcome the problems of constructing transgenes longer than(More)