William Plunkett

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Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) is among the most lethal human cancers in part because it is insensitive to many chemotherapeutic drugs. Studying a mouse model of PDA that is refractory to the clinically used drug gemcitabine, we found that the tumors in this model were poorly perfused and poorly vascularized, properties that are shared with human(More)
PURPOSE To conduct a randomized phase II trial of dose-intense gemcitabine using a standard 30-minute infusion or the fixed dose rate (FDR) infusion (10 mg/m2/min) in patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS In this prospective trial, patients with locally advanced and metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma were treated with 2,200 mg/m2(More)
PURPOSE Fludarabine and cyclophosphamide (FC), which are active in treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), are synergistic with the monoclonal antibody rituximab in vitro in lymphoma cell lines. A chemoimmunotherapy program consisting of fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, and rituximab (FCR) was developed with the goal of increasing the complete(More)
The action of the new deoxycytidine analogue 2',2'-difluorodeoxycytidine (dFdC) on DNA synthesis was investigated in whole cells and in vitro assay systems with purified DNA polymerases. DNA synthesis in human lymphoblastoid CEM cells was inhibited by dFdC in a concentration-dependent manner that could not be reversed by exogenous deoxynucleosides. The(More)
2',2'-Difluorodeoxycytidine (dFdC) is a new deoxycytidine analogue with good activity against human leukemic cell lines and murine solid tumors, while the activity of 1-beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine (ara-C) is established in experimental systems and for the treatment of human adult leukemia. This study compared the cellular metabolism and cytotoxic(More)
Recognition of modified histone species by distinct structural domains within 'reader' proteins plays a critical role in the regulation of gene expression. Readers that simultaneously recognize histones with multiple marks allow transduction of complex chromatin modification patterns into specific biological outcomes. Here we report that chromatin regulator(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the dose rate of 2',2'-difluorodeoxycytidine (dFdC) that maximizes the accumulation of the active 5'-triphosphate (dFdCTP) in circulating leukemia cells during therapy. The investigational approach was to evaluate the relationship between plasma dFdC and the accumulation of dFdCTP by circulating leukemia cells(More)
In the past decade, fludarabine has had a major impact in increasing the effectiveness of treatment of patients with indolent B-cell malignancies. This has come about in a variety of clinical circumstances, including use of fludarabine alone as well as in combinations with DNA-damaging agents or membrane-targeted antibodies. Other strategies have used(More)
Flavopiridol is active against chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells in vitro and in the treatment of advanced stage disease, but the mechanisms of these actions remain unclear. Originally developed as a general cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor, flavopiridol is a potent transcriptional suppressor through the inhibition of positive transcription(More)
Gemcitabine (dFdC) is a new anticancer nucleoside that is an analog of deoxycytidine. It is a pro-drug and, once transported into the cell, must be phosphorylated by deoxycytidine kinase to an active form. Both gemcitabine diphosphate (dFdCTP) and gemcitabine triphosphate (dFdCTP) inhibit processes required for DNA synthesis. Incorporation of dFdCTP into(More)