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OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the image noise, low-contrast resolution, image quality, and spatial resolution of adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction in low-dose body CT. MATERIALS AND METHODS Adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction was used to scan the American College of Radiology phantom at the American College of(More)
Initial clinical application of a system for digital subtraction angiography (DSA) to the human cardiovascular system in 88 patients is reported. The equipment consisted of a specially designed computer system integrated with a fluoroscopic and radiographic apparatus for digitization, manipulation, and display of data. After intravenous injection of(More)
Digital imaging provides an effective means to electronically acquire, archive, distribute, and view medical images. Medical imaging display stations are an integral part of these operations. Therefore, it is vitally important to assure that electronic display devices do not compromise image quality and ultimately patient care. The AAPM Task Group 18 (TG18)(More)
The U.S. National Press has brought to full public discussion concerns regarding the use of medical radiation, specifically x-ray computed tomography (CT), in diagnosis. A need exists for developing methods whereby assurance is given that all diagnostic medical radiation use is properly prescribed, and all patients' radiation exposure is monitored. The(More)
Speech recognition reporting for chest examinations was introduced and tightly integrated with a Radiology Information System (RIS) and a Picture Archiving and Communications System (PACS). A feature of this integration was the unique one-to-one coupling of the workstation displayed case and the reporting via speech recognition for that and only that(More)
This software tool locates and computes the intensity of radiation skin dose resulting from fluoroscopically guided interventional procedures. It is comprised of multiple modules. Using standardized body specific geometric values, a software module defines a set of male and female patients arbitarily positioned on a fluoroscopy table. Simulated X-ray(More)
The aim of this project is to improve the detection of coronary occlusions using an approach based on the recording and analysis of isolated diastolic heart sounds associated with turbulent blood flow in occluded coronary arteries. The nonlinear dynamic analysis method based on approximate entropy has been proposed for the analysis of diastolic heart(More)
PURPOSE Noise reduction in material density images is a necessary preprocessing step for the correct interpretation of dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) images. In this paper we describe a new method based on a local adaptive processing to reduce noise in DECT images METHODS An adaptive neighborhood Wiener (ANW) filter was implemented and customized(More)
Excessive cephalocaudal anatomic (Z-axis) coverage can lead to unnecessary radiation exposure to a patient. In this study, an automated computing model was developed for identifying instances of potentially excessive Z-axis coverage with abdomen-pelvis examinations. Eight patient and imaging attributes including patient gender, age, height, weight, volume(More)