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OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the image noise, low-contrast resolution, image quality, and spatial resolution of adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction in low-dose body CT. MATERIALS AND METHODS Adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction was used to scan the American College of Radiology phantom at the American College of(More)
Initial clinical application of a system for digital subtraction angiography (DSA) to the human cardiovascular system in 88 patients is reported. The equipment consisted of a specially designed computer system integrated with a fluoroscopic and radiographic apparatus for digitization, manipulation, and display of data. After intravenous injection of(More)
Digital imaging provides an effective means to electronically acquire, archive, distribute, and view medical images. Medical imaging display stations are an integral part of these operations. Therefore, it is vitally important to assure that electronic display devices do not compromise image quality and ultimately patient care. The AAPM Task Group 18 (TG18)(More)
The U.S. National Press has brought to full public discussion concerns regarding the use of medical radiation, specifically x-ray computed tomography (CT), in diagnosis. A need exists for developing methods whereby assurance is given that all diagnostic medical radiation use is properly prescribed, and all patients' radiation exposure is monitored. The(More)
Exceptional opportunities exist for researchers and practitioners to invest in conducting innovative and transformative research in data mining and health informatics. This IEEE Intelligent Systems "Trends and Controversies" (T&C) department hopes to raise awareness and highlight recent research to move toward such goals. The introduction, "Healthcare(More)
This software tool locates and computes the intensity of radiation skin dose resulting from fluoroscopically guided interventional procedures. It is comprised of multiple modules. Using standardized body specific geometric values, a software module defines a set of male and female patients arbitarily positioned on a fluoroscopy table. Simulated X-ray(More)
Numerous studies based on the spectral analysis of diastolic sounds showed an increase in the high frequency portion of the spectrum for patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) compared with normal patients. The overall goal of this study is to detect the presence of coronary artery disease in patients using a noninvasive and inexpensive approach. A(More)
The aim of this project is to improve the detection of coronary occlusions using an approach based on the recording and analysis of isolated diastolic heart sounds associated with turbulent blood flow in occluded coronary arteries. The nonlinear dynamic analysis method based on approximate entropy has been proposed for the analysis of diastolic heart(More)
PURPOSE Dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) images can undergo a two-material decomposition process which results in two images containing material density information. Material density images obtained by that process result in images with increased pixel noise. Noise reduction in those images is desirable in order to improve image quality. METHODS A(More)
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the most prevalent cause of death worldwide. Atherosclerosis which is the condition of plaque buildup on the inside of the coronary artery wall is the main cause of CHD. Rupture of unstable atherosclerotic coronary plaque is known to be the cause of acute coronary syndrome. Vulnerability of atherosclerotic plaque has been(More)