William P. Watson

Learn More
Effects of nicotine, administered by continuous infusion via osmotic minipumps, were studied on the operant self-administration of alcohol by rats, using a variable interval (15 s) schedule, and measuring the acquisition, maintenance, extinction and reinstatement of responding for alcohol. Doses of nicotine of 0.25, 1.25 and 7.5 mg/kg/24 h had no(More)
Computer-based assessment of potential toxicity has become increasingly popular in recent years. The knowledge-base system DEREK is developed under the guidance of a multinational Collaborative Group of expert toxicologists and provides a qualitative approach to toxicity prediction. Major developments of the DEREK program and knowledge-base have taken place(More)
Bronchiolo-alveolar tumors were observed in mice exposed chronically to 160 ppm styrene, whereas no tumors were seen in rats up to concentrations of 1000 ppm. Clara cells, which are predominant in the bronchiolo-alveolar region in mouse lungs but less numerous in rat and human lung, contain various cytochrome P450s, which may oxidize styrene to the rodent(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the prevalence of glucose intolerance (impaired glucose tolerance and diabetes), and its relationship to body mass index (BMI) and waist-hip ratio in Chinese and Europid adults. DESIGN This was a cross sectional study. SETTING Newcastle upon Tyne. SUBJECTS These comprised Chinese and Europid men and women, aged 25-64 years, and(More)
The in vitro and in vivo pharmacological effects of [2-amino-4-(2,4,6-trimethylbenzylamino)-phenyl]-carbamic acid ethyl ester (AA29504), which is a close analogue of retigabine, have been investigated. AA29504 induced a rightward shift of the activation threshold at cloned KCNQ2, 2/3 and 4 channels expressed in Xenopus oocytes, with a potency 3-4fold lower(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Grafts of MHP36 cells have previously been shown to reduce dysfunction after global ischemia in rats. To test their efficacy after focal ischemia, MHP36 cells were grafted 2 to 3 weeks after transient intraluminal middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) in rats. METHODS MHP36 cells were implanted into the hemisphere contralateral(More)
Biomarkers are becoming increasingly important in toxicology and human health. Many research groups are carrying out studies to develop biomarkers of exposure to chemicals and apply these for human monitoring. There is considerable interest in the use and application of biomarkers to identify the nature and amounts of chemical exposures in occupational and(More)
The American Diabetes Association have recommended that the fasting plasma glucose level for the diagnosis of diabetes is lowered and that this becomes the main diagnostic test. We have used population-based data from three ethnic groups in Newcastle upon Tyne to examine the implications of this change. Data were available on 824 European (25-74 years), 375(More)
The present study investigated the activity of neurons in the mesolimbic dopamine system after the end of the acute phase of the behavioural signs of ethanol withdrawal in mice. This was designed to provide a comparison with earlier behavioural studies, in which greater development of sensitisation to amphetamine and cocaine, but no change in the initial(More)
Rationale and objective: This study investigated individual alcohol preference among the ”high alcohol preferring” strain of C57BL10 (line ScSn) mice. Methods: Alcohol preference was assessed in free choice two-bottle preference tests, using 8% ethanol and tap water, under various conditions. Results: Between 15 and 40% of the mice, bred in house, showed a(More)