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Effects of nicotine, administered by continuous infusion via osmotic minipumps, were studied on the operant self-administration of alcohol by rats, using a variable interval (15 s) schedule, and measuring the acquisition, maintenance, extinction and reinstatement of responding for alcohol. Doses of nicotine of 0.25, 1.25 and 7.5 mg/kg/24 h had no(More)
The in vitro and in vivo pharmacological effects of [2-amino-4-(2,4,6-trimethylbenzylamino)-phenyl]-carbamic acid ethyl ester (AA29504), which is a close analogue of retigabine, have been investigated. AA29504 induced a rightward shift of the activation threshold at cloned KCNQ2, 2/3 and 4 channels expressed in Xenopus oocytes, with a potency 3-4fold lower(More)
The present study reports that it is possible to induce kindling by repeated injections of nicotine. The newly characterised nicotine-kindling model was compared with that of pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) kindling. Mice were kindled by repeated injection of PTZ (37 mg/kg), or nicotine (2.3 mg/kg), and the effect of the anti-epileptic drugs (AED) levetiracetam(More)
The effects of convulsant drugs, and of thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH), were examined on the general anaesthetic actions of ketamine, ethanol, pentobarbitone and propofol in mice. The aim was to investigate the possibility of selective antagonism, which, if seen, would provide information about the mechanism of the anaesthesia. The general anaesthetic(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Grafts of MHP36 cells have previously been shown to reduce dysfunction after global ischemia in rats. To test their efficacy after focal ischemia, MHP36 cells were grafted 2 to 3 weeks after transient intraluminal middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) in rats. METHODS MHP36 cells were implanted into the hemisphere contralateral(More)
In a recent study, EF1502 [N-[4,4-bis(3-methyl-2-thienyl)-3-butenyl]-3-hydroxy-4-(methylamino)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydrobenzo [d]isoxazol-3-ol], which is an N-substituted analog of the GAT1-selective GABA uptake inhibitor exo-THPO (4-amino-4,5,6,7-tetrahydrobenzo[d]isoxazol-3-ol), was found to inhibit GABA transport mediated by both GAT1 and GAT2 in human(More)
The effects of the anticonvulsant, gabapentin, were investigated, in mice, on the withdrawal convulsive behaviour and anxiety-related behaviour that are produced by cessation of prolonged intake of ethanol. When given at 50 or 100 mg/kg, this compound decreased the rise in handling-induced hyperexcitability which occurs during the withdrawal period; the(More)
Implanted radiotelemetry has been used for the measurement of cortical electroencephalogram (EEG), locomotor activity, body temperature and cardiovascular parameters. This technique allows high quality data acquisition from freely moving animals with no complications of externalised apparatus. This paper focuses on the methodology for short and long-term(More)
Owing to their activation by increased intracellular Ca(2+) levels following burst firing, and the resultant hyperpolarisation and dampening of neuronal excitability, the small-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (SK(Ca)) channels have been proposed as a potential target for novel antiepileptic drugs. Indeed, the channel activator 1-ethyl-2-benzimidazolinone(More)
Four dihydropyridine calcium channel antagonists were compared for their ability to protect against the hyperexcitability produced in mice by withdrawal from chronic ethanol treatment and to protect against seizures due to bicuculline or pentylenetetrazol. Comparison was also made of their effects on locomotor activity, body temperature and motor(More)