William P. Norman

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Our purpose was to determine the central vagal sites for regulating changes in lower esophageal sphincter (LES) pressure in the cat. Injection of the retrograde tracer, horseradish peroxidase, into the LES resulted in labeling of cells in the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus (DMV), with the largest number of cells appearing in two areas, one area rostral(More)
In this study, the distribution of neurons containing the adrenaline-synthesizing enzyme phenylethanolamine-N-methyltransferase (PNMT) was mapped in the medulla of the cat. Data from recent studies in the rat suggest that the anatomical structure responsible for cardiorespiratory changes that occur following application of neurotransmitters and drugs to(More)
The purpose of the present study was to determine whether blockade of excitatory amino acid receptors at the ventrolateral nucleus of the tractus solitarius would influence respiratory activity. This was done by microinjecting excitatory amino acid receptor antagonists into the ventrolateral nucleus of the tractus solitarius of alpha-chloralose-anesthetized(More)
We previously demonstrated that GABA and muscimol administered either into the cisterna magna or the fourth ventricle to chloralose-anesthetized cats cause respiratory depression, hypotension, and bradycardia. Injection of these substances into the lateral and third ventricles had no effect. In order to localize the site of action, muscimol and GABA were(More)
The purpose of this study is to determine whether or not the sympathetic nervous system provides a tonic inhibitory input to the colon in chloralose-anesthetized cats. Proximal and midcolonic motility were monitored using extraluminal force transducers. An intravenous bolus injection of 5 mg of phentolamine in 14 animals elicited a pronounced increase in(More)
Previous studies indicate that the new antihypertensive drug, urapidil, acts at the ventral surface of the medulla in cats to produce a fall in blood pressure. In addition, urapidil was found in receptor binding studies to have a relatively high affinity for the serotonin 1A receptor. These results suggest that drugs which bind to the serotonin 1A receptor(More)
The purpose of our study was to identify the central nervous system site(s) of action of capsaicin responsible for producing changes in cardiovascular function. To do this, capsaicin was administered into several cerebroventricular regions of chloralose-anesthetized cats while monitoring arterial blood pressure and heart rate. Administration of capsaicin(More)
The purpose of our study was to determine the site of origin of vagal neurons that innervate specific parts of the stomach (the fundus, corpus, and antrum/pylorus). This was done by injecting the retrograde fluorescent tracer Fast Blue into these parts of the cat stomach and examining the hindbrain for cells labeled with retrograde tracer. We found that(More)