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In a previous study, we demonstrated that infected-cell polypeptide 0 (ICP0) is necessary for the efficient reactivation of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) in primary cultures of latently infected trigeminal ganglion (TG) cells (W. P. Halford and P. A. Schaffer, J. Virol. 75:3240-3249, 2001). The present study was undertaken to determine whether ICP0 is(More)
Following ocular infection, herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) establishes latency in trigeminal ganglion (TG) neurons. Using reverse transcription-PCR, cytokine gene expression was analyzed in the TGs of mice infected with HSV-1. IL-2, TNF-alpha, IFN-gamma, IL-10, and RANTES mRNAs were readily detected in TGs taken from mice 7 days postinoculation (PI).(More)
Green fluorescent protein (GFP) has gained widespread use as a tool to visualize spatial and temporal patterns of gene expression in vivo. However, it is not generally accepted that GFP can also be used as a quantitative reporter of gene expression. We report that GFP is a reliable reporter of gene expression in individual eukaryotic cells when fluorescence(More)
Relative to wild-type herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1), ICP0-null mutant viruses reactivate inefficiently from explanted, latently infected mouse trigeminal ganglia (TG), indicating that ICP0 is not essential for reactivation but plays a central role in enhancing the efficiency of reactivation. The validity of these findings has been questioned, however,(More)
The quantitative capacity of the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) is generally underestimated. In this study, PCR and RT-PCR products were amplified from serially diluted DNA and RNA templates, respectively, using a 35-cycle PCR. In the approximate 30- to 100-fold range of template input above the lower limit of detection, herpes(More)
In vivo evidence suggests that T-cell-derived gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) can directly inhibit the replication of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1). However, IFN-gamma is a weak inhibitor of HSV-1 replication in vitro. We have found that IFN-gamma synergizes with the innate IFNs (IFN-alpha and -beta) to potently inhibit HSV-1 replication in vitro and in(More)
Primary cultures of trigeminal ganglion (TG) cells from herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) latently infected mice were used to study reactivation. Expression of HSV-1 latency-associated transcripts was noted in TG cell cultures. Infectious virus appeared in 75% of culture supernatants within 120 h after heat stress. Likewise, HSV-1 lytic-phase mRNA and(More)
The herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) ICP0 protein is an E3 ubiquitin ligase, which is encoded within the HSV-1 latency-associated locus. When ICP0 is not synthesized, the HSV-1 genome is acutely susceptible to cellular repression. Reciprocally, when ICP0 is synthesized, viral replication is efficiently initiated from virions or latent HSV-1 genomes. The(More)
In this investigation we determined the dynamics of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) DNA and latency-associated transcripts (LAT) in the latently infected rabbit trigeminal ganglion. Rabbit eyes were infected with either the McKrae strain or the l7Syn+ strain of HSV-1. Rabbits were sacrificed between 5 and 360 days after infection and their trigeminal(More)
Research on herpesvirus infections has commanded the attention of a diverse group of scientists for over a century. Until the advent of the human immunodeficiency virus, the herpes simplex viruses (HSV) were the most intensively studied of all viruses. During the early part of the nineteenth century, long before the infectious agent responsible for cold(More)