William P Bricker

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Nonradiative relaxation of high-energy excited states to the lowest excited state in chlorophylls marks the first step in the process of photosynthesis. We perform ultrafast transient absorption spectroscopy measurements, that reveal this internal conversion dynamics to be slightly slower in chlorophyll B than in chlorophyll A. Modeling this process with(More)
We present a molecular-scale model of Bacteriochlorophyll a (BChl a) binding to the chlorosome protein A (CsmA) of Chlorobaculum tepidum, and the aggregated pigment–protein dimer, as determined from protein–ligand docking and quantum chemistry calculations. Our calculations provide strong evidence that the BChl a molecule is coordinated to the His25 residue(More)
We modeled excitation energy transfer (EET) in the peridinin-chlorophyll a-protein (PCP) complex of dinoflagellate Amphidinium carterae to determine which pathways contribute dominantly to the high efficiency of this process. We used complete active space configuration interaction (CAS-CI) to calculate electronic structure properties of the peridinin (PID)(More)
Synthetic DNA is a highly programmable nanoscale material that can be designed to self-assemble into 3D structures that are fully determined by underlying Watson-Crick base pairing. The double crossover (DX) design motif has demonstrated versatility in synthesizing arbitrary DNA nanoparticles on the 5-100 nm scale for diverse applications in biotechnology.(More)
The rapid, photoprotective down-regulation of plant light-harvesting in bright light proceeds via the non-photochemical quenching of chlorophyll excitation energy in the major photosystem II light-harvesting complex LHCII. However, there is currently no consensus regarding the precise mechanism by which excess energy is quenched. Current X-ray structures of(More)
Sequence-selective bis-intercalating dyes exhibit large increases in fluorescence in the presence of specific DNA sequences. This property makes this class of fluorophore of particular importance to biosensing and super-resolution imaging. Here we report ultrafast transient anisotropy measurements of resonance energy transfer (RET) between thiazole orange(More)
It has been proposed that photoprotective non-photochemical quenching (NPQ) in higher plants arises from a conformational change in the antenna which alters pigment-pigment interactions. This brings about the formation of energy quenching "traps" that capture and dissipate excitation energy as heat. We have used the semiempirical AM1-CAS-CI method combined(More)
Photosynthetic antenna proteins can be thought of as "programmed solvents", which bind pigments at specific mutual orientations, thus tuning the overall energetic landscape and ensuring highly efficient light-harvesting. While positioning of chlorophyll cofactors is well understood and rationalized by the principle of an "energy funnel", the carotenoids(More)
Excitation energy transfer (EET) in peridinin-chlorophyll-protein (PCP) complexes is dominated by the S1 → Qy pathway, but the high efficiencies cannot be solely explained by this one pathway. We postulate that EET from peridinin S2 excitons may also be important. We use complete active space configuration interaction calculations and the transition density(More)
We have computationally investigated the role of intramolecular vibrational modes in determining nonradiative relaxation pathways of photoexcited electronic states in isolated chlorophyll A (ChlA) molecules. To simulate the excited state relaxation from the initially excited Soret state to the lowest excited state Qy, the approach of nonadiabatic excited(More)
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