William Neal Roberts

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This review on joint aspiration and injection focuses on three common clinical problems: how to deal with 'dry taps', especially when a septic joint is suspected in the differential diagnosis; how to avoid rare complications associated with these techniques; and how to reduce pain in patients who are particularly sensitive. Solutions to these problems are(More)
Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is an acquired hemolytic anemia in which affected erythrocytes (E) are abnormally sensitive to lysis by autologous complement. Affected E from patients with PNH (PNH-E) are deficient in an E membrane regulatory protein of complement, decay-accelerating factor (DAF). Because a functional defect in a second membrane(More)
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a connective tissue disease, characterized by cutaneous and multi-organ fibrosis, and vascular abnormalities. Skin thickening is a characteristic feature of SSc and resembles myxedematous skin. Our aim was to correlate the degree of skin involvement in SSc patients with serum TSH levels, since TSH receptors are widely expressed(More)
Aims Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is characterized by vasculopathy and organ fibrosis. Although microvascular alterations are very well characterized, structural and functional abnormalities of large vessels are not well defined. Therefore, we evaluated the effect of simvastatin administration on aortic and small renal arteries thickening, and on myofibroblasts(More)
Erdheim–Chester disease (ECD) is a rare non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis characterized by tissue infiltration of lipid-laden macrophages, multinucleated giant cells, and inflammatory infiltrate of lymphocytes and histiocytes. The disease typically involves long bone, but may also affect the central nervous system, the orbit, retroperitoneal organs, and the(More)
At present, the smallest needle commonly available is about 130 mum in diameter in combination with a suture of about 25 mum in diameter. Marked reductions in size, particularly of the needle, are advantageous for microvascular surgery. A needle of about 70 mum in diameter, welded to a suture of about 18 mum diameter, has been developed. In initial tests,(More)
BACKGROUND In systemic sclerosis (SSc) vasculopathy affects small arteries and capillaries, but recent evidences show also macrovascular alterations. Experimental data suggest that propylthiouracil (PTU) abrogates the development of cutaneous and pulmonary fibrosis during SSc. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of propylthiouracil on aortic(More)
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a connective tissue disorder characterized by fibroblast activation and fibrosis of the skin and internal organs. Alterations in cell-integrin interaction are sufficient to initiate pro-fibrotic processes. SSc fibroblasts express both αvβ3 and αvβ5 integrins and their activation induces myofibroblasts differentiation. The aim of(More)
A link between reactive oxygen species (ROS) and Systemic Sclerosis (SSc) development has been already described, along with an oxidative stress-induced reduction of anion exchange capability through Band 3 protein. On this basis, blood from SSc patients has been collected to measure the rate constant for SO4 = uptake, which is an index for anion exchange(More)