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Four sets of word-form tasks were administered during fMRI scanning to 18 child dyslexics and 21 controls to identify unique brain activation associated with four kinds of mapping—orthographic, morpheme with and without phonological shift, and phoneme—before treatment, and to measure the effect on each kind of mapping after orthographic and morphological(More)
O ver the past few years, businesses have interacted using ad hoc approaches that take advantage of the basic Internet infrastructure. Now, however, Web services are emerging to provide a systematic and extensible framework for application-to-application interaction, built on top of existing Web protocols and based on open XML standards. Say, for example,(More)
BPEL4WS [1] provides the most complete realization to date of the workflow execution model in the context of a service oriented architecture. Service oriented architectures introduce a set of very distinctive abstractions that result in significant modifications of the basic workflow model as outlined in pre-existing workflow model, see [2] for example. In(More)
Colombo is a lightweight platform for developing, deploying, and executing service-oriented applications. It provides optimized, native runtime support for the service-oriented-computing model, as opposed to the approach of layering service-oriented applications on a legacy runtime. This approach allows Colombo to provide high runtime performance, a small(More)
Growth curve analyses showed that (a) word-level phonological and orthographic awareness show greatest growth during the primary grades but some additional growth thereafter, and (b) three kinds of morphological awareness show greatest growth in the first three or four grades but one-derivation-continues to show substantial growth after fourth grade.(More)
This article has 3 parts. The 1st part provides an overview of the family genetics, brain imaging, and treatment research in the University of Washington Multidisciplinary Learning Disabilities Center (UWLDC) over the past decade that points to a probable genetic basis for the unusual difficulty that individuals with dyslexia encounter in learning to read(More)
Children are prodigious word learners. able to gain substantial information about a word's meaning o n the basis of even a single encounter with the word in context. T w o experiments a r e reported which test the hypothesis that the notion "possible word meaning'' plays a role in constraining the inferences that adult language users make about new words(More)