Learn More
The purpose of this study was to cross-validate measurements of skeletal muscle oxidative capacity made with near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) measurements to those made with phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((31)P-MRS). Sixteen young (age = 22.5 ± 3.0 yr), healthy individuals were tested with both (31)P-MRS and NIRS during a single testing(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess the reproducibility of resting blood flow, resting oxygen consumption, and mitochondrial capacity in skeletal muscle using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). We also determined the influence of 2 exercise modalities (ergometer and rubber exercise bands) on the NIRS measurements. Fifteen young, healthy participants (5(More)
PURPOSE Previous studies have used near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) to measure skeletal muscle mitochondrial capacity. This study tested the hypothesis that NIRS-measured mitochondrial capacity would improve with endurance exercise training and decline with detraining. METHODS Nine young participants performed 4 wk of progressively increasing endurance(More)
Systolic heart failure (HF) is associated with exercise intolerance that has been attributed, in part, to skeletal muscle dysfunction. The purpose of this study was to compare skeletal muscle oxidative capacity and training-induced changes in oxidative capacity in participants with and without HF. Participants with HF (n = 16, 65 ± 6.6 years) were compared(More)
The primary objective of this study was to determine whether alterations in mitochondria affect recovery of skeletal muscle strength and mitochondrial enzyme activity following myotoxic injury. 3-Methyladenine (3-MA) was administered daily (15 mg/kg) to blunt autophagy, and the creatine analog guanidionpropionic acid (β-GPA) was administered daily (1% in(More)
KEY POINTS Reducing excessive oxidative stress, through chronic exercise or antioxidants, can decrease the negative effects induced by excessive amounts of oxidative stress. Transient increases in oxidative stress produced during acute exercise facilitate beneficial vascular training adaptations, but the effects of non-specific antioxidants on exercise(More)
INTRODUCTION We examined ultrasound-estimated intramuscular fat of 4 muscles: rectus femoris (RF), biceps femoris (BF), tibialis anterior (TA), and medial gastrocnemius (MG), and compared the results with other health measures. METHODS Forty-two participants were tested. Muscle echo intensity was quantified into percent intramuscular fat using previously(More)