William Michael Dunne

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The process of surface adhesion and biofilm development is a survival strategy employed by virtually all bacteria and refined over millions of years. This process is designed to anchor microorganisms in a nutritionally advantageous environment and to permit their escape to greener pastures when essential growth factors have been exhausted. Bacterial(More)
Clinical microbiology has always been a slowly evolving and conservative science. The sub-field of bacteriology has been and still is dominated for over a century by culture-based technologies. The integration of serological and molecular methodologies during the seventies and eighties of the previous century took place relatively slowly and in a cumbersome(More)
BACKGROUND Diagnosis of acute infection in the critically ill remains a challenge. We hypothesized that circulating leukocyte transcriptional profiles can be used to monitor the host response to and recovery from infection complicating critical illness. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS A translational research approach was employed. Fifteen mice underwent(More)
Screening for colonization with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a key aspect of infection control to limit the nosocomial spread of this organism. Current methods for the detection of MRSA in clinical microbiology laboratories, including molecularly based techniques, require a culture step and the isolation of pure colonies that result(More)
Pandoraea apista is recovered with increasing frequency from the lungs of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) and may represent an emerging pathogen (I. M. Jorgensen et al., Pediatr. Pulmonol. 36:439-446, 2003). We identified two CF patients from our hospital whose sputum specimens were culture positive for P. apista over the course of several years.(More)
We examined whether the BACTEC/Mycobacteria Growth Indicator Tube (MGIT) system alone could supplant the use of a supplemental Löwenstein-Jensen (LJ) slant for routine recovery of Mycobacterium species from clinical specimens. A total of 6,062 specimens were included in the study. Of these, 273 specimens were positive for 278 mycobacterial isolates while 15(More)
Sepsis continues to cause significant morbidity and mortality in critically ill patients. Studies of patients and animal models have revealed that changes in the immune response during sepsis play a decisive role in the outcome. Using a clinically relevant two-hit model of sepsis, i.e., cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) followed by the induction of(More)
OBJECTIVE Whereas most septic patients have an underlying comorbidity, most animal models of sepsis use mice that were healthy before the onset of infection. Malignancy is the most common comorbidity associated with sepsis. The purpose of this study was to determine whether mice with cancer have a different response to sepsis than healthy animals. DESIGN(More)
Thirty-two isolates of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VRE) recovered from 25 patients hospitalized at six hospitals in the metropolitan Detroit, Mich., area over a 32-month period were examined for relatedness by repetitive-sequence PCR (rep-PCR). All isolates were shown to carry the vanA gene by PCR. The rep-PCR patterns generated from each(More)
BACKGROUND Staphylococcus aureus is the most common cause of healthcare-associated pneumonia. Despite the significant morbidity and mortality associated with the disease, animal models of S. aureus pneumonia are rare. MATERIALS AND METHODS We examined the pathogenicity of four different strains of S. aureus (both methicillin-sensitive and -resistant as(More)