William Menard

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OBJECTIVE Olfactory reference syndrome (ORS) - preoccupation with a false belief that one emits a foul or offensive body odor - has been described around the world for more than a century. However, only a few small studies have systematically assessed ORS's clinical features. METHOD Twenty patients with ORS were systematically assessed using(More)
Muscle dysmorphia - a pathological preoccupation with muscularity - appears to be a form of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) with a focus on muscularity. However, little is known about muscle dysmorphia in men with BDD, and no study has compared men with BDD who do and do not report muscle dysmorphia. To explore this issue, we reviewed the histories of 63 men(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of weight concerns in individuals with BDD, and to examine similarities and differences between those with and those without weight concerns. METHOD We assessed 200 participants with BDD for clinically significant weight concerns and compared those with weight concerns (in addition to other body area concerns) to(More)
The authors examined characteristics of body dysmorphic disorder in the largest sample for which a wide range of clinical features has been reported. The authors also compared psychiatrically treated and untreated subjects. Body dysmorphic disorder usually began during adolescence, involved numerous body areas and behaviors, and was characterized by poor(More)
OBJECTIVE The current study examined comorbidity and clinical correlates of eating disorders in a large sample of individuals with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). METHOD Two hundred individuals with DSM-IV (4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association; 1994) BDD completed reliable(More)
OBJECTIVE Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), a distressing or impairing preoccupation with an imagined or slight defect in appearance, is an often-severe, understudied disorder. We determined BDD's prevalence and clinical features on a general adult psychiatric inpatient unit. To our knowledge, only one previous prevalence study has been done in this setting.(More)
INTRODUCTION Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is an often severe disorder, but few treatment studies have been conducted. OBJECTIVE This pilot study explored the efficacy and safety of the antiepileptic medication levetiracetam for BDD. METHODS Seventeen subjects with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition BDD participated(More)
OBJECTIVE Cross-sectional/retrospective data have indicated that individuals with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) have high rates of suicidal ideation and attempts. However, no study, to the authors' knowledge, has prospectively examined suicidality in BDD. METHOD In the first prospective study of BDD's course, the authors examined suicidality in 185(More)
OBJECTIVE Age at onset is an important clinical feature of all disorders. However, no prior studies have focused on this important construct in body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). In addition, across a number of psychiatric disorders, early age at disorder onset is associated with greater illness severity and greater comorbidity with other disorders. However,(More)
BACKGROUND Gender is a critically important moderator of psychopathology. However, gender similarities and differences in body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) have received scant investigation. In this study, we examined gender similarities and differences in the broadest sample in which this topic has been examined. METHODS Two hundred subjects with BDD(More)