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Basic fibroblast growth factor (or FGF-2) has been shown to be a potent stimulator of retinal ganglion cell (RGC) axonal growth during development. Here we investigated if FGF-2 upregulation in adult RGCs promoted axon regrowth in vivo after acute optic nerve injury. Recombinant adeno-associated virus (AAV) was used to deliver the FGF-2 gene to adult RGCs(More)
PURPOSE We evaluated adeno-associated virus (AAV)-mediated gene transfer of basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2) as a therapy for photoreceptor degeneration in a transgenic rat model of retinitis pigmentosa. METHODS Recombinant adeno-associated virus vector (rAAV) incorporating a constitutive cytomegalovirus (CMV) promoter was used to transfer the(More)
PURPOSE To develop a small-animal model of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) by injecting adeno-associated virus (AAV)-VEGF into the subretinal space (SRS) of rats. METHODS An adeno-associated viral vector encoding human VEGF(165) was injected into the subretinal space (SRS) of Sprague-Dawley or Long Evans rats. Expression of VEGF was identified by(More)
BACKGROUND Microarray-based gene expression profiling is a powerful approach for the identification of molecular biomarkers of disease, particularly in human cancers. Utility of this approach to measure responses to therapy is less well established, in part due to challenges in obtaining serial biopsies. Identification of suitable surrogate tissues will(More)
The productivity, product quality and competitive ability of important agricultural and horticultural plants in many regions of the world may be adversely affected by current and anticipated concentrations of ground-level ozone (O3). Exposure to elevated O3 typically results in suppressed photosynthesis, accelerated senescence, decreased growth and lower(More)
PURPOSE Obtaining direct and rapid proof of molecular activity in early clinical trials is critical for optimal clinical development of novel targeted therapies. SU11248 is an oral multitargeted kinase inhibitor with selectivity for fms-related tyrosine kinase 3/Flk2 (FLT3), platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha/beta, vascular endothelial growth(More)
Variability in pre-analytical blood sampling and handling can significantly impact results obtained in quantitative immunoassays. Understanding the impact of these variables is critical for accurate quantification and validation of biomarker measurements. Particularly, in the design and execution of large clinical trials, even small differences in sample(More)
The relevance of Henry's pelvic deltoid and its contribution to hip abductor strength is often not considered in hip arthroplasty. This small cadaveric study (n = 11) aimed to quantify the relative contributions of the pelvic deltoid muscles to abductor strength and to assess how different surgical approaches(anterolateral, direct lateral and posterior)(More)
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