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The toxicity of As(V) and As(III) to two axenic tropical freshwater microalgae, Chlorella sp. and Monoraphidium arcuatum, was determined using 72-h growth rate-inhibition bioassays. Both organisms were tolerant to As(III) (72-h concentration to cause 50% inhibition of growth rate [IC50], of 25 and 15 mg As[III]/L, respectively). Chlorella sp. also was(More)
  • W A Maher
  • 1985
The chemical form of arsenic in the muscle tissues of marine animals in relation to diet has been examined. Inorganic arsenic concentrations in all muscle tissues were found to be low compared to total arsenic concentrations and independent of diet. Arsenic was found to be present in all tissues predominantly as a methanol-water soluble form. The ratio of(More)
Effective water quality assessment programs require the formulation of common objectives between managers who are making decisions and scientists who are obtaining the information on which those decisions are to be made. The data collected must be apropriate for use in the decision making process. After the objectives have been formulated a number of(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the Bio-Quant Direct ELISA assays for amphetamine and methamphetamine in the routine presumptive screening of biological fluids. Standard concentration curves of the target analytes were assayed to assess sensitivity, and known concentrations of common amphetamine-type substances (ephedrine, pseudoephedrine,(More)
Reconstruction of nutrient concentrations in the deep Southern Ocean has produced conflicting results. The cadmium/calcium (Cd/Ca) data set suggests little change in nutrient concentrations during the last glacial period, whereas the carbon isotope data set suggests that nutrient concentrations were higher. We determined the silicon isotope composition of(More)
The relationship between cadmium exposure dose and response was investigated in Anadara trapezia exposed to cadmium spiked sediment (10 μg/g and 50 μg/g dry mass) for 56 days. A. trapezia reached an equilibrium cadmium tissue concentration (13 μg/g and 25 μg/g, respectively) by day 42. Gills accumulated significantly more cadmium than the hepatopancreas and(More)
  • W A Maher
  • 1984
A review of the nature and accumulation of arsenic in marine organisms is presented. A study of the literature has revealed a lack of information about the mechanisms of uptake, molecular transformations, and biochemical associations of arsenic within organisms, and it remains unclear whether a few forms of arsenic are ubiquitous. The arsenic forms present(More)
The application of biochemical measurements that can be used as individual biomarkers of impaired biological function in invertebrates is reviewed to evaluate whether biochemical biomarkers of aquatic invertebrates can predict changes in natural populations. Biomarkers that measure toxic effects at the molecular level (e.g., the inhibition of brain(More)
The benthic bivalve, Anadara trapezia, was collected from a 'clean' reference site and transplanted along a suspected trace metal contamination gradient in Lake Macquarie, NSW. At monthly intervals, Zn, Se, Cd and Pb concentrations were measured in the surficial sediments and whole tissues of the cockle as well as their physiological condition (Scope for(More)
Selenium, cadmium, copper, and zinc concentrations were measured in sediments and the tissues of mullet (Mugil cephalus) collected from the southern basin of Lake Macquarie, NSW, Australia. Trace metals in surficial sediments are enriched in trace metals relative to background concentrations (selenium, 3-19; cadmium, 14-42; copper, 1.5-3.6; zinc, 0.77-2.2(More)