William M. Yarbrough

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BACKGROUND A potential mechanism for left ventricular (LV) remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI) is activation of the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). This study examined the effects of MMP inhibition (MMPi) on regional LV geometry and MMP levels after MI. METHODS AND RESULTS In pigs instrumented with radiopaque markers to measure regional(More)
BACKGROUND The matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) contribute to regional remodeling after prolonged periods of ischemia and reperfusion (I/R), but specific MMP types activated during this process remain poorly understood. A novel class, the membrane-type MMPs (MT-MMPs), has been identified in the myocardium, but activity of these MMP types has not been(More)
Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a clinical syndrome in which pathophysiologic underpinnings include left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, remodeling, and increased neurohormonal activation. Accordingly, large animal constructs must be developed that mimic this disease process in order to define new pharmacologic and surgical treatment strategies. Multiple(More)
Inadequate left atrial cuff surrounding donor pulmonary veins may present a technical challenge for successful lung transplantation. A simple technique for construction of venous anastomoses during lung transplantation when donor atrial cuff is lacking involves circumferential incorporation of surrounding donor pericardium into the anastomosis without(More)
Hyperkalemic cardioplegic arrest (HCA) and rewarming evokes postoperative myocyte contractile dysfunction, a phenomenon of particular importance in settings of preexisting left ventricular (LV) failure. Caspases are intracellular proteolytic enzymes recently demonstrated to degrade myocardial contractile proteins. This study tested the hypothesis that(More)
OBJECTIVE Myocyte death occurs by necrosis and caspase-mediated apoptosis in the setting of myocardial infarction. In vitro studies suggest that caspase activation within myocytes causes contractile protein degradation without inducing cell death. Thus, caspase activation may evoke left ventricular remodeling through 2 independent processes post-myocardial(More)
BACKGROUND Myocyte death occurs by necrosis and caspase-mediated apoptosis in myocardial infarction (MI). In vitro studies suggest caspase activation causes myocardial contractile protein degradation without inducing apoptosis. Thus, caspase activation may evoke left ventricular (LV) remodeling through independent processes post-MI. The effects of caspase(More)
Aortic valve stenosis is a common cause of left ventricular pressure overload, a pathologic process that elicits myocyte hypertrophy and alterations in extracellular matrix composition, both of which contribute to increases in left ventricular stiffness. However, clinical and animal studies suggest that increased myocardial extracellular matrix fibrillar(More)
BACKGROUND A cause-and-effect relationship exists between matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) induction and left ventricular (LV) remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI). Whether broad-spectrum MMP inhibition is necessary and the timing at which MMP inhibition should be instituted after MI remain unclear. This study examined the effects of MMP-1 and(More)
BACKGROUND Whether mechanical restraint of the left ventricle (LV) can influence remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI) remains poorly understood. This study surgically placed a cardiac support device (CSD) over the entire LV and examined LV and myocyte geometry and function after MI. METHODS AND RESULTS Post-MI sheep (35 to 45 kg; MI size, 23+/-2%)(More)