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We have shown previously that gene VI of cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) strain D4 governs systemic infection of Nico-tiana bigelovii and that transgenic N. bigelovii expressing the 0 4 gene VI product can complement at least one CaMV isolate for long-distance transport. We have now found that DNA of two other isolates of CaMV recombine with the gene VI(More)
The crinivirus tomato chlorosis virus (ToCV) was discovered initially in diseased tomato and has since been identified as a serious problem for tomato production in many parts of the world, particularly in the United States, Europe and Southeast Asia. The complete nucleotide sequence of ToCV was determined and compared with related crinivirus species. RNA 1(More)
Genomic decay is a common feature of intracellular bacteria that have entered into symbiosis with plant sap-feeding insects. This study of the whitefly Bemisia tabaci and two bacteria (Portiera aleyrodidarum and Hamiltonella defensa) cohoused in each host cell investigated whether the decay of Portiera metabolism genes is complemented by host and(More)
Tomato chlorosis virus (ToCV), and Tomato infectious chlorosis virus (TICV), family Closteroviridae, genus Crinivirus, cause interveinal chlorosis, leaf brittleness, and limited necrotic flecking or bronzing on tomato leaves. Both viruses cause a decline in plant vigor and reduce fruit yield, and are emerging as serious production problems for field and(More)
Gene VI of cauliflower mosaic virus strains D4 and W260 is an important determinant of systemic infection in solanaceous species (Qiu and Schoelz, 1992). To investigate whether D4 and W260 share any sequences within gene VI that determine their solanaceous host range, we characterized more completely the regions of gene VI involved in systemic infection of(More)
ABSTRACT A new variety of Nicotiana, N. edwardsonii var. Columbia, was evaluated for its capacity to serve as a new source for virus resistance genes. Columbia was developed from a hybridization between N. glutinosa and N. clevelandii, the same parents used for the formation of the original N. edwardsonii. However, in contrast to the original N.(More)
Lactuca virosa L. is a wild relative of lettuce that is potentially an important source of resistance to big-vein disease, an economically damaging disease of lettuce. Identification of L. virosa accessions with resistance to Mirafiori lettuce big-vein virus (MLBVV), the disease causing agent, may be useful for lettuce breeding. The objectives of this(More)
Transgenic tobacco plants expressing an altered form of the 2a replicase gene from the Fny strain of Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) exhibit suppressed virus replication and restricted virus movement when inoculated mechanically or by aphid vectors. Additional transformants have been generated which contain replicase gene constructs designed to determine the(More)
Transgenic tobacco plants expressing an altered form of the 2a replicase gene from cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) strain Fny exhibited a suppression of viral replication and restricted viral movement when inoculated mechanically or by insect vectors. Resistant plants could be infected, however, through a graft-union with an infected nontransformed plant. The(More)
Curly top in sugar beet continues to be a challenging disease to control in the western United States. To aid in development of host resistance and management options, the curtovirus species composition was investigated by sampling 246 commercial fields along with nursery and field trials in the western United States. DNA was isolated from leaf samples and(More)