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Sulfite oxidase from Thiobacillus novellus has been purified 206-fold. The enzyme reduced both ferricyanide and cytochrome c. The ferricyanide activity was 3-5% of the cytochrome c activity. During purification, the absorbance ratio of A413 nm/A280 nm showed a continual increase, suggesting the presence of heme in the T. novellus sulfite oxidase molecule.(More)
Thiobacillus novellus shows a maximum induction of sulfite oxidase activity and a maximum growth rate as a result of supplementing the autotrophic growth medium with 4.0 microM ammonium molybdate. Cells grown in the presence of molybdate showed approximately 10-fold increases in the amount of enzyme-associated molybdenum and in the sulfite-to-cytochrome c(More)
In recent years, virtual database screening using high-throughput docking (HTD) has emerged as a very important tool and a well-established method for finding new lead compounds in the drug discovery process. With the advent of powerful personal computers (PCs), it is now plausible to perform HTD investigations on these inexpensive PCs. To make HTD more(More)
An essential step in the life cycle of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is integration of the double-stranded retroviral DNA into the genome of the host cell. HIV-1 integrase, the enzyme that inserts the vital DNA into the host chromosome, is an attractive and rational target for anti-AIDS drug design because it is essential for HIV replication(More)
BACKGROUND Breast cancer patients are at increased risk of osteoporosis. Contributing factors include age and/or chemotherapy. The selective estrogen modulator, raloxifene (RAL), effective in the prevention of breast cancer and approved for the treatment and prevention of osteoporosis, may prove beneficial in current breast cancer treatment modules. The(More)
Sodium bisulfite reacted with unsaturated fatty acids, significantly increasing their polarity as determined by behavior on silica gel thin-layer chromatography. The ultraviolet absorption spectra of unsaturated fatty acids (due to the presence of double bonds) were abolished as a result of the reaction. Fatty acids containing more than one double bond(More)
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) development is closely associated with inflammation. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is an important mediator of inflammation. Therefore, celecoxib, a selective inhibitor of COX-2, was hailed as a promising chemopreventive agent for HNSCC. Dose-dependent cardiac toxicity limits long-term use of celecoxib, but it seems(More)
The selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) and an agent for the prevention of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women, raloxifene (Ral), decreased high-dose methotrexate (MTX) cytotoxicity in MCF-7 breast cancer cells. When Ral is given at least 24 hours prior to MTX, the resultant interaction is antagonistic. However, when breast cancer cells are(More)
Transcription of HIV-1 genes is activated by HIV-1 Tat protein, which induces phosphorylation of RNA polymerase II (RNAPII) C-terminal domain (CTD) by CDK9/cyclin T1. Earlier we showed that CDK2/cyclin E phosphorylates HIV-1 Tat in vitro. We also showed that CDK2 induces HIV-1 transcription in vitro and that inhibition of CDK2 expression by RNA interference(More)