William M Simpson

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The association of a polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin, a polychlorinated biphenyl, and p,p'-DDT with diabetes was evaluated using the 1999-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Persons 20 years old and older were included. Relationships with diagnosed diabetes, undiagnosed diabetes (glycohemoglobin (HbA1c) >6.1%), and total diabetes(More)
Most poisonings from pesticides do not have a specific antidote, making decontamination the most important intervention. For maximal benefit to the patient, skin, eye, and gastric decontamination should be undertaken while specifics of the poisoning are being determined. As in most illnesses and injuries, the history of the poisoning is of great importance(More)
It is common for patients seen by primary care physicians to be taking both nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and antihypertensive agents. If blood pressure control diminishes in these patients, the physician must evaluate the potential interaction between the two classes of medication. Although the increase in blood pressure secondary to NSAID(More)
Imported fire ants are now firmly established in all 46 counties of South Carolina. In 1998 there were an estimated 660,000 cases in the state of which approximately 33,000 sought medical treatment at an estimated cost of 2.4 million dollars. Residents and visitors are at risk for IFA attacks that may occur indoors as well as outdoors. While IFA sting(More)
Poisoning is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States, with several million episodes reported annually. Acute medication poisonings account for nearly one half of all poisonings reported in the United States and should be considered in persons with an acute change in mental status. The initial approach to a person who has been poisoned(More)
Natural disasters, technologic disasters, and mass violence impact millions of persons each year. The use of primary health care services typically increases for 12 or more months following major disasters. A conceptual framework for assisting disaster victims involves understanding the individual and environmental risk factors that influence post-disaster(More)
The occupational and environmental medicine (OEM) gap in US medical education is widely recognized. In 1992, a federal initiative stimulated a primary care approach to improve residency training in South Carolina. This three-part report documents progress in designing and implementing an OEM curriculum, which is family medicine-centered. Each of the state's(More)
A four-prototype approach to the occupational and environmental medicine (OEM) patient in a busy primary care setting is described. A 2 x 2 table illustrates the two diagnostic, interrelated tasks during the outpatient, non-urgent visit: (a) sick? yes/no, and (b) exposed? yes/no. One may have the basic skills for task (a) but feel insecure for task (b).(More)