William M. Rabinowitz

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HIGH levels of speech recognition have been achieved with a new sound processing strategy for multielectrode cochlear implants. A cochlear implant system consists of one or more implanted electrodes for direct electrical activation of the auditory nerve, an external speech processor that transforms a microphone input into stimuli for each electrode, and a(More)
Although researchers have long recognized the unique properties of the head-related transfer function (HRTF) for nearby sources (within 1 m of the listener's head), virtually all of the HRTF measurements described in the literature have focused on source locations 1 m or farther from the listener. In this study, HRTFs for sources at distances from 0.12 to 1(More)
All 10 forms of the test of Speech Perception in Noise (SPIN) were presented to 128 listeners who had some degree of sensorineural hearing loss. Presentation of the speech track was at 50 dB above the estimated threshold for the babble track. Signal-to-babble ratio was 8 dB. Half of the subjects listened through headphones and half via loudspeaker. Half(More)
Although many researchers have examined auditory localization for relatively distant sound sources, little is known about the spatial perception of nearby sources. In the region within 1 m of a listener's head, defined as the "proximal region," the interaural level difference increases dramatically as the source approaches the head, while the interaural(More)
Experiments were conducted with a single, bilateral cochlear implant user to examine interaural level and time-delay cues that putatively underlie the design and efficacy of bilateral implant systems. The subject's two implants were of different types but custom equipment allowed presentation of controlled bilateral stimuli, particularly those with(More)
Experiments were conducted on length resolution for objects held between the thumb and fore-finger. The just noticeable difference in length measured in discrimination experiments is roughly 1 mm for reference lengths of 10 to 20 mm. It increases monotonically with reference length but violates Weber's law. Also, it decreases when the subject is permitted(More)
In our preliminary theory of intensity resolution [e.g., see N. I. Durlach and L. D. Braida, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 46, 372-383 (1969)], two modes of memory operation are postulated: the trace mode and the context-coding mode. In this paper, we present a revised model of the context-coding mode which describes explicitly a process by which sensations are coded(More)
A method is presented for measuring acoustic immittance (admittance or impedance) in the human ear canal and its validity is demonstrated for frequencies from 62 Hz to 4 kHz. Special attention is given to estimating the residual ear-canal space between the eardrum and the tip of the measuring device; estimates were determined, in part, using immittances(More)