William M. Chilian

Learn More
To determine the distribution of resistance in the coronary vasculature, measurements of microvascular pressure and diameter were obtained with vasomotor tone intact and during coronary dilation produced by papaverine. We studied anesthetized, open-chest cats and used jet ventilation synchronized to the cardiac cycle to eliminate respiratory-induced cardiac(More)
Pressure-induced myogenic responses and flow-induced vasodilatory responses have been documented in coronary resistance arterioles, but the interaction of these two mechanisms and the nature of the flow-mediated response are not well understood. Experiments were designed to quantitatively study the interaction of pressure- and flow-induced responses and to(More)
Hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) is a proposed endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor and metabolic vasodilator of the coronary circulation, but its mechanisms of action on vascular smooth muscle remain unclear. Voltage-dependent K(+) (K(V)) channels sensitive to 4-aminopyridine (4-AP) contain redox-sensitive thiol groups and may mediate coronary(More)
Flow-mediated dilation has been documented in large conduit coronary arteries but not in coronary arterioles. The goal of this study was to determine whether this response occurs in coronary arterioles and whether it competes with myogenic constriction. Subepicardial arterioles (40-80 microns) were isolated and cannulated with two glass micropipettes(More)
Assessment of coronary blood flow and the vasodilator reserve capacity of individual coronary arteries in the catheterization laboratory has been hampered by methodologic limitations. We have developed and validated a small Doppler catheter that can subselectively measure phasic coronary blood flow velocity (CBFV). In seven anesthetized calves, CBFV was(More)
OBJECTIVE We tested the hypothesis that hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), the dismutated product of superoxide (O2*-), couples myocardial oxygen consumption to coronary blood flow. Accordingly, we measured O2*- and H2O2 production by isolated cardiac myocytes, determined the role of mitochondrial electron transport in the production of these species, and determined(More)
BACKGROUND Coronary microvessels (< 300 microns in diameter) have been demonstrated to be important in the regulation of local resistance and flow. Recent studies also suggest that these microvessels are more responsive to physiological and pharmacological stimuli than conduit vessels. However, little is known regarding the relative sensitivity of different(More)
BACKGROUND A deficit in the endothelial production of nitric oxide (NO) is associated with the sequelae of reperfusion injury. Because endothelial NO synthesis depends on the cofactor tetra-hydrobiopterin (BH4), we hypothesized that depletion of this cofactor underlies the reduction of endothelium-dependent dilation in reperfusion injury. METHODS AND(More)
Coronary blood flow is tightly adjusted to the oxygen requirements of the myocardium. The underlying control mechanisms keep coronary venous pO(2) at a rather constant level around 20mm Hg under a variety of physiological conditions. Because coronary flow may increase more than 5-fold during exercise without any signs of under- or overperfusion, coronary(More)
BACKGROUND We hypothesized that the inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) produces endothelial dysfunction in type 2 diabetes. METHODS AND RESULTS In m Lepr(db) control mice, sodium nitroprusside and acetylcholine induced dose-dependent vasodilation, and dilation to acetylcholine was blocked by the NO synthase inhibitor(More)