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This study assessed the redistribution of coronary microvascular resistance during vasodilation produced by dipyridamole. Measurements of microvascular diameter and pressure in the beating left ventricle of anesthetized cats were accomplished by means of a computer-controlled system that enabled measurements in the beating heart. Resistances of coronary(More)
Chronic persistent inflammation plays a significant role in disease pathology of cancer, cardiovascular disease, and metabolic syndrome (MetS). MetS is a constellation of diseases that include obesity, diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, hypertriglyceridemia, and hypercholesterolemia. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is associated with many of the(More)
RATIONALE In the working heart, coronary blood flow is linked to the production of metabolites, which modulate tone of smooth muscle in a redox-dependent manner. Voltage-gated potassium channels (Kv), which play a role in controlling membrane potential in vascular smooth muscle, have certain members that are redox-sensitive. OBJECTIVE To determine the(More)
Conventionally, ischemic heart disease (IHD) is equated with large vessel coronary disease. However, recent evidence has suggested a role of compromised microvascular regulation in the etiology of IHD. Because regulation of coronary blood flow likely involves activity of specific ion channels, and key factors involved in endothelium-dependent dilation, we(More)
Pressure-induced myogenic responses and flow-induced vasodilatory responses have been documented in coronary resistance arterioles, but the interaction of these two mechanisms and the nature of the flow-mediated response are not well understood. Experiments were designed to quantitatively study the interaction of pressure- and flow-induced responses and to(More)
Increases in intraluminal shear stress are thought to cause vasodilation of coronary arterioles by activation of Ca2+-dependent endothelial nitric oxide synthase followed by release of nitric oxide. We tested the hypothesis that endothelium-dependent vasodilation of isolated coronary arterioles to shear stress and agonists is necessarily preceded by an(More)
We tested the hypothesis that nitric oxide (NO) inhibits endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF)-induced vasodilation via a negative feedback pathway in the coronary microcirculation. Coronary microvascular diameters were measured using stroboscopic fluorescence microangiography. Bradykinin (BK)-induced dilation was mediated by EDHF, when NO and(More)
To determine the distribution of resistance in the coronary vasculature, measurements of microvascular pressure and diameter were obtained with vasomotor tone intact and during coronary dilation produced by papaverine. We studied anesthetized, open-chest cats and used jet ventilation synchronized to the cardiac cycle to eliminate respiratory-induced cardiac(More)
OBJECTIVE We tested the hypothesis that hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), the dismutated product of superoxide (O2*-), couples myocardial oxygen consumption to coronary blood flow. Accordingly, we measured O2*- and H2O2 production by isolated cardiac myocytes, determined the role of mitochondrial electron transport in the production of these species, and determined(More)
The goal of this study was to examine myogenic responses of isolated porcine subepicardial and subendocardial arterioles (80-100 micron in diameter) within physiological ranges of intraluminal pressure. Arterioles were located by perfusion with india ink-gelatin solution then dissected and cannulated with glass micropipettes. Intraluminal pressure was(More)