William M Bowling

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Factor X deficiency results in a rare but serious bleeding disorder that might be treated by expressing a normal factor X gene in patients. We generated an amphotropic retroviral vector with the human FX cDNA and delivered it to rat hepatocytes in vivo during liver regeneration. The human alpha1-antitrypsin promoter was chosen to direct expression because(More)
Hepatic gene therapy might correct the clinical manifestations of several genetic disorders in patients. Although retroviral vectors with a strong liver-specific promoter can result in stable and therapeutic levels of expression of genes from the liver, application of these techniques in humans is limited by the need to perform one or more invasive(More)
Protein C deficiency results in a thrombotic disorder that might be treated by expressing a normal human protein C (hPC) gene in patients. An amphotropic retroviral vector with a liver-specific promoter and the hPC cDNA was delivered to rat hepatocytes in vivo during liver regeneration. Expression of hPC varied from 55 to 203 ng/ml (1.3-5.0% of normal) for(More)
An understanding of how oncogenes affect differentiated liver functions might lead to improved treatments for liver cancer or other disorders where liver-specific functions are compromised. A retroviral vector that coexpressed beta-galactosidase (beta-gal) and activated Ras genes (Ras-gal) was transduced into a small fraction of adult rat hepatocytes in(More)
CONTEXT Animal and molecular studies have shown that cocaine exerts a neuroprotective effect against cerebral ischemia. AIMS To determine if the presence of cocaine metabolites on admission following traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with better outcomes. SETTINGS AND DESIGN Level-1 trauma center, retrospective cohort. MATERIALS AND METHODS(More)
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