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BACKGROUND Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is characterized by progressive enlargement of cyst-filled kidneys. METHODS In a three-year study, we measured the rates of change in total kidney volume, total cyst volume, and iothalamate clearance in patients with ADPKD. Of a total of 241 patients, in 232 patients without azotemia who were(More)
BACKGROUND Autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is characterized by gradual renal enlargement and cyst growth prior to loss of renal function. Standard radiographic imaging has not provided the resolution and accuracy necessary to detect small changes in renal volume or to reliably measure renal cyst volumes. The Consortium for Radiologic(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to replicate the relationship between disclosure of sexual orientation and immune functioning in HIV-positive persons and to extend those findings to a different type of disclosure (HIV status) and a different population (psychiatric outpatients in a publicly funded HIV/AIDS clinic). METHODS A sample of(More)
Drug dosage adjustment for patients with acute or chronic kidney disease is an accepted standard of practice. The challenge is how to accurately estimate a patient's kidney function in both acute and chronic kidney disease and determine the influence of renal replacement therapies on drug disposition. Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) held a(More)
Because autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is one of the most common genetic abnormalities seen in today's medical practice, many internists will likely treat patients affected by this condition. Genetic abnormalities have been increasingly recognized, and the pathophysiology of the disease is beginning to be unraveled. Because of advances(More)
Data from serial renal magnetic resonance imaging of the Consortium of Radiologic Imaging Study of PKD (CRISP) autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (PKD) population showed that cystic expansion occurs at a consistent rate per individual, although it is heterogeneous in the population, and that larger kidneys are associated with more rapid disease(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated a role for microvascular and tubulointerstitial injury in some models of salt-sensitive hypertension. We utilized a model of post-cyclosporin A (CsA) nephropathy and hypertension to test the hypothesis that treatment with an angiogenic factor aimed at ameliorating the microvascular and renal injury would prevent the(More)
BACKGROUND Autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is an inherited disorder characterized by renal cyst growth, early development of hypertension, and late occurrence of renal insufficiency. Despite evidence for the importance of nephroangiosclerosis in the progression of renal insufficiency in ADPKD, evaluation of renal blood flow (RBF) as a(More)