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The data base for rational guidelines to safe, efficacious drug prescribing in adults with renal insufficiency are presented in tabular form. Current medical literature was extensively surveyed to provide as much specific information as possible. When information is lacking, however, recommendations are based on pharmacokinetic variables in normal subjects.(More)
Whether changes in renal blood flow (RBF) are associated with and possibly contribute to cystic disease progression in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) has not been ascertained. The Consortium for Radiologic Imaging Studies of Polycystic Kidney Disease (CRISP) was created to develop imaging techniques and analyses to evaluate(More)
Mutation-based molecular diagnostics of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is complicated by genetic and allelic heterogeneity, large multi-exon genes, duplication of PKD1, and a high level of unclassified variants (UCV). Present mutation detection levels are 60 to 70%, and PKD1 and PKD2 UCV have not been systematically classified. This(More)
BACKGROUND Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is characterized by progressive enlargement of cyst-filled kidneys. METHODS In a three-year study, we measured the rates of change in total kidney volume, total cyst volume, and iothalamate clearance in patients with ADPKD. Of a total of 241 patients, in 232 patients without azotemia who were(More)
BACKGROUND Autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is characterized by gradual renal enlargement and cyst growth prior to loss of renal function. Standard radiographic imaging has not provided the resolution and accuracy necessary to detect small changes in renal volume or to reliably measure renal cyst volumes. The Consortium for Radiologic(More)
The success of renal transplantation may be counterbalanced by serious adverse medical events. The effect of immunosuppression on the incidence of de novo neoplasms among kidney recipients should be monitored continuously. Using data from the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients, we studied the association of induction therapy by immunosuppression(More)
The pathogenesis of renal scarring in chronic cyclosporin nephropathy is unknown. In this study, we evaluated the effects of renin-angiotensin system blockade by enalapril and losartan in a salt-dependent model of cyclosporin-associated chronic tubulointerstitial fibrosis (TIF). Rats kept on normal or low-salt diet were given cyclosporin,(More)
To determine the effects of long-term lithium therapy, we have studied the renal histology and the renal function of 47 patients with affective disorders who were either currently receiving or had previously received maintenance lithium therapy (lithium patients), and we have compared the results with those of 32 other psychiatric patients with similar(More)
Low-salt-diet, cyclosporine (CsA; 15 mg/kg per day)-treated rats develop striped interstitial fibrosis, arteriolar hyalinosis, and azotemia similar to the chronic nephropathy observed in humans. To examine the role of angiotensin II in this model, rats on a low-salt diet were given CsA, CsA and the angiotensin II receptor Type I antagonist Losartan (10(More)
The renal effects of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are reviewed with special emphasis on the clinical, pathophysiologic, and risk factors for acute renal failure. Renal papillary necrosis and chronic renal insufficiency can occur with the prolonged use of these drugs, although the prevalence of this manifestation of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory(More)