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Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a class of widespread environmental carcinogens. Most of our knowledge of their mechanisms of metabolic activation to DNA-binding "ultimate carcinogenic" metabolites has come from analysis of the DNA interaction products formed by these highly reactive intermediates. Studies of their role in forming DNA-binding(More)
Humans are exposed to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) through many environmental pollutants, especially cigarette smoke. These chemicals cause a variety of tumors and immunotoxic effects, as a consequence of bioactivation by P-450 cytochromes to dihydrodiol epoxides. The recently identified cytochrome P4501B1 (CYP1B1) bioactivates PAHs but is also a(More)
Activity-directed fractionation of Trifolium pratense resulted in isolation of the isoflavone biochanin A, a potent inhibitor of metabolic activation of the carcinogen benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) in cells in culture. To determine the structural features required for maximal inhibition of cytochrome P-450 mediated metabolism of B[a]P, the inhibitory potencies of(More)
Activity-based fractionation of Eriodictyon californicum resulted in the isolation of 12 flavonoids that inhibit the metabolism of the carcinogen benzo[a]pyrene by hamster embryo cells in tissue culture. One was identified as a new flavanone, 3'-methyl-4'-isobutyryleriodictoyol [1], on the basis of spectroscopic analysis and alkaline hydrolysis. The seven(More)
In this study, we investigated the effects of histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) and trichostatin A (TSA) on the metabolism of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in human mammary carcinoma derived MCF-7 cells in culture. Benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) induces cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A1, CYP1B1 and other xenobiotic(More)
The carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAHs) benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) and dibenzo[a,l]pyrene (DB[a,l]P) are widespread environmental pollutants, however their toxicological effects within a mixture is not established. We investigated the influence of diesel exhaust (DE) on B[a]P and DB[a,l]P-induced PAH-DNA adduct formation, metabolic activation,(More)
MCF-7 human breast cancer cells, selected for resistance to adriamycin (AdrR), exhibit the phenotype of multidrug resistance (MDR). Previous studies have shown that resistance in AdrR MCF-7 cells is associated with several biochemical changes that are similar to those induced in rat hyperplastic nodules, preneoplastic liver lesions which display broad(More)
The carcinogenic effects of individual polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) are well established. However, their potency within an environmental complex mixture is uncertain. We evaluated the influence of diesel exhaust particulate matter on PAH-induced cytochrome P450 (CYP) activity, PAH-DNA adduct formation, expression of certain candidate genes and the(More)
The potent carcinogen dibenzo[a,l]pyrene (DB[a,l]P) has been reported to form both stable and depurinating DNA adducts upon activation by cytochrome P450 enzymes and/or cellular peroxidases. Only stable DB[a,l]P-DNA adducts were detected in DNA after reaction of DB[a,I]P-11,12-diol-13,14-epoxides in solution or cells in culture. To determine whether(More)