William M. Baird

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In this study, we investigated the effects of histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) and trichostatin A (TSA) on the metabolism of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in human mammary carcinoma derived MCF-7 cells in culture. Benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) induces cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A1, CYP1B1 and other xenobiotic(More)
The potent carcinogen dibenzo[a,l]pyrene (DB[a,l]P) has been reported to form both stable and depurinating DNA adducts upon activation by cytochrome P450 enzymes and/or cellular peroxidases. Only stable DB[a,l]P-DNA adducts were detected in DNA after reaction of DB[a,l]P-11,12-diol-13,14-epoxides in solution or cells in culture. To determine whether(More)
The polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH), benzo[a]pyrene (BaP), was compared to dibenzo[def,p]chrysene (DBC) and combinations of three environmental PAH mixtures (coal tar, diesel particulate and cigarette smoke condensate) using a two stage, FVB/N mouse skin tumor model. DBC (4nmol) was most potent, reaching 100% tumor incidence with a shorter latency to(More)
Human exposures to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) occur in complex mixtures. Here, gene expression patterns were investigated using standard reference material (SRM) 1649a (urban dust). MCF-7 cells were exposed to SRM 1649a alone or SRM 1649a with either benzo[a]pyrene (BP) or dibenzo[a,l]pyrene (DBP) for 24 hours. Global analyses of the gene(More)
SUMMARY The effects of a single application of the same molar dose of phorbol and four phorbol diesters on precursor incorporation into mouse epidermal RNA, protein, and DNA at times up to 6 days after treatment were studied in skin tumor-susceptible mice. The potent tumor promoters, 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate and phorbol-12,13-didecanoate,(More)
Humans are exposed to complex mixtures of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the atmosphere. We examined the long term effects of a standard reference material (SRM) 1649a over time on the metabolic activation and DNA adduct formation by two carcinogenic PAHs, benzo[a]pyrene (BP) and dibenzo[a,l]pyrene (DBP) in the human mammary carcinoma derived cell line(More)
Selective production of rat mutant selenoprotein W with and without bound glutathione. Biochem. (2004) The uses of carcinogen-DNA adduct measurement in establishing mechanisms of mutagenesis and in chemoprevention. Effect of artificial mixtures of environmental polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons present in coal tar, urban dust and diesel exhaust particulates(More)
There is considerable evidence that exposure to air pollution is harmful to health. In the U.S., ambient air quality is monitored by Federal and State agencies for regulatory purposes. There are limited options, however, for people to access this data in real-time which hinders an individual's ability to manage their own risks. This paper describes a new(More)