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Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a class of widespread environmental carcinogens. Most of our knowledge of their mechanisms of metabolic activation to DNA-binding "ultimate carcinogenic" metabolites has come from analysis of the DNA interaction products formed by these highly reactive intermediates. Studies of their role in forming DNA-binding(More)
Humans are exposed to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) through many environmental pollutants, especially cigarette smoke. These chemicals cause a variety of tumors and immunotoxic effects, as a consequence of bioactivation by P-450 cytochromes to dihydrodiol epoxides. The recently identified cytochrome P4501B1 (CYP1B1) bioactivates PAHs but is also a(More)
In this study, we investigated the effects of histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) and trichostatin A (TSA) on the metabolism of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in human mammary carcinoma derived MCF-7 cells in culture. Benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) induces cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A1, CYP1B1 and other xenobiotic(More)
MCF-7 human breast cancer cells, selected for resistance to adriamycin (AdrR), exhibit the phenotype of multidrug resistance (MDR). Previous studies have shown that resistance in AdrR MCF-7 cells is associated with several biochemical changes that are similar to those induced in rat hyperplastic nodules, preneoplastic liver lesions which display broad(More)
The carcinogenic effects of individual polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) are well established. However, their potency within an environmental complex mixture is uncertain. We evaluated the influence of diesel exhaust particulate matter on PAH-induced cytochrome P450 (CYP) activity, PAH-DNA adduct formation, expression of certain candidate genes and the(More)
The potent carcinogen dibenzo[a,l]pyrene (DB[a,l]P) has been reported to form both stable and depurinating DNA adducts upon activation by cytochrome P450 enzymes and/or cellular peroxidases. Only stable DB[a,l]P-DNA adducts were detected in DNA after reaction of DB[a,I]P-11,12-diol-13,14-epoxides in solution or cells in culture. To determine whether(More)
Assessment of human cancer risk from animal carcinogen studies is severely limited by inadequate experimental data at environmentally relevant exposures and by procedures requiring modeled extrapolations many orders of magnitude below observable data. We used rainbow trout, an animal model well-suited to ultralow-dose carcinogenesis research, to explore(More)
The increase in carcinogenicity of polycyclic aromatic compounds following bay-region methyl group substitution involves a steric component: increasing the size of the alkyl substituent decreases the carcinogenic activity of the compound. To determine whether there is also an electronic component to this effect, we synthesized a bay-region(More)
The polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH), benzo[a]pyrene (BaP), was compared to dibenzo[def,p]chrysene (DBC) and combinations of three environmental PAH mixtures (coal tar, diesel particulate and cigarette smoke condensate) using a two stage, FVB/N mouse skin tumor model. DBC (4nmol) was most potent, reaching 100% tumor incidence with a shorter latency to(More)
Metabolic activation, DNA binding, and tumorigenicity of the carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon dibenzo[a,l]pyrene (DB[a,l]P) catalyzed by murine cytochrome P450 (P450) enzymes were investigated. DNA binding of DB[a,l]P in human mammary carcinoma MCF-7 and human P450-expressing Chinese hamster V79 cell lines was previously shown to occur(More)