William M. Baird

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Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a class of widespread environmental carcinogens. Most of our knowledge of their mechanisms of metabolic activation to DNA-binding "ultimate carcinogenic" metabolites has come from analysis of the DNA interaction products formed by these highly reactive intermediates. Studies of their role in forming DNA-binding(More)
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are ubiquitous environmental pollutants with high carcinogenic potencies that have been linked to the etiology of human cancers through their presence in cigarette smoke and environmental mixtures. They are metabolically activated in cells by cytochrome P450 enzymes and/or peroxidases to reactive intermediates that(More)
Human exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) occurs through complex mixtures such as coal tar. The effect of complex PAH mixtures on the activation of carcinogenic PAH to DNA-binding derivatives and carcinogenesis were investigated in mice treated topically with NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology) Standard Reference Material(More)
Humans are exposed to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) through many environmental pollutants, especially cigarette smoke. These chemicals cause a variety of tumors and immunotoxic effects, as a consequence of bioactivation by P-450 cytochromes to dihydrodiol epoxides. The recently identified cytochrome P4501B1 (CYP1B1) bioactivates PAHs but is also a(More)
The polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) and dibenzo[a,l]pyrene (DB[a,l]P) are well-studied environmental carcinogens, however, their potency within a complex mixture is uncertain. We investigated the influence of urban dust particulate matter (UDPM) on the bioactivation and tumor initiation of B[a]P and DB[a,l]P in an(More)
MCF-7 human breast cancer cells, selected for resistance to adriamycin (AdrR), exhibit the phenotype of multidrug resistance (MDR). Previous studies have shown that resistance in AdrR MCF-7 cells is associated with several biochemical changes that are similar to those induced in rat hyperplastic nodules, preneoplastic liver lesions which display broad(More)
Human exposures to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) occur in complex mixtures. Here, gene expression patterns were investigated using standard reference material (SRM) 1649a (urban dust). MCF-7 cells were exposed to SRM 1649a alone or SRM 1649a with either benzo[a]pyrene (BP) or dibenzo[a,l]pyrene (DBP) for 24 hours. Global analyses of the gene(More)
A complex mixture of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) extracted from coal tar, the Standard Reference Material (SRM) 1597, was recently shown to decrease the levels of DNA binding of the 2 strong carcinogens benzo[a]pyrene (BP) and dibenzo[a,l]pyrene (DBP) in the human mammary carcinoma-derived cell line MCF-7 (Mahadevan et al., Chem Res Toxicol(More)
Assessment of human cancer risk from animal carcinogen studies is severely limited by inadequate experimental data at environmentally relevant exposures and by procedures requiring modeled extrapolations many orders of magnitude below observable data. We used rainbow trout, an animal model well-suited to ultralow-dose carcinogenesis research, to explore(More)