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Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a class of widespread environmental carcinogens. Most of our knowledge of their mechanisms of metabolic activation to DNA-binding "ultimate carcinogenic" metabolites has come from analysis of the DNA interaction products formed by these highly reactive intermediates. Studies of their role in forming DNA-binding(More)
Chinese hamster V79 cell lines were constructed for stable expression of human cytochrome P450 1B1 (P450 1B1) in order to study its role in the metabolic activation of chemicals and toxicological consequences. The new V79 cell lines were applied to studies on DNA adduct formation of the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) dibenzo[a,l]pyrene (DB[a,l]P).(More)
In this study, we investigated the effects of histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) and trichostatin A (TSA) on the metabolism of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in human mammary carcinoma derived MCF-7 cells in culture. Benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) induces cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A1, CYP1B1 and other xenobiotic(More)
The carcinogenic effects of individual polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) are well established. However, their potency within an environmental complex mixture is uncertain. We evaluated the influence of diesel exhaust particulate matter on PAH-induced cytochrome P450 (CYP) activity, PAH-DNA adduct formation, expression of certain candidate genes and the(More)
The potent carcinogen dibenzo[a,l]pyrene (DB[a,l]P) has been reported to form both stable and depurinating DNA adducts upon activation by cytochrome P450 enzymes and/or cellular peroxidases. Only stable DB[a,l]P-DNA adducts were detected in DNA after reaction of DB[a,I]P-11,12-diol-13,14-epoxides in solution or cells in culture. To determine whether(More)
Assessment of human cancer risk from animal carcinogen studies is severely limited by inadequate experimental data at environmentally relevant exposures and by procedures requiring modeled extrapolations many orders of magnitude below observable data. We used rainbow trout, an animal model well-suited to ultralow-dose carcinogenesis research, to explore(More)
The increase in carcinogenicity of polycyclic aromatic compounds following bay-region methyl group substitution involves a steric component: increasing the size of the alkyl substituent decreases the carcinogenic activity of the compound. To determine whether there is also an electronic component to this effect, we synthesized a bay-region(More)
The polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH), benzo[a]pyrene (BaP), was compared to dibenzo[def,p]chrysene (DBC) and combinations of three environmental PAH mixtures (coal tar, diesel particulate and cigarette smoke condensate) using a two stage, FVB/N mouse skin tumor model. DBC (4nmol) was most potent, reaching 100% tumor incidence with a shorter latency to(More)
The polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) and dibenzo[a,l]pyrene (DB[a,l]P) are well-studied environmental carcinogens, however, their potency within a complex mixture is uncertain. We investigated the influence of urban dust particulate matter (UDPM) on the bioactivation and tumor initiation of B[a]P and DB[a,l]P in an(More)
Dibenzo[def,p]chrysene (DBC) is a transplacental carcinogen in mice (15mg/kg; gestation day (GD) 17). To mimic residual exposure throughout pregnancy, dams received four smaller doses of DBC (3.75mg/kg) on GD 5, 9, 13 and 17. This regimen alleviated the previously established carcinogenic responses in the thymus, lung, and liver. However, there was a marked(More)